Tuesday, May 22, 2018

YILDIZ HAMİDİYE MOSQUE

Yıldız, Beşiktaş - Istanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'59.0"N 29°00'36.0"E / 41.049722, 29.010000



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Yıldız Mosque is on the Yıldız Palace road leading off Barbaros Boulevard in Beşiktaş. The Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque, also called the Yıldız Mosque, is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in Yıldız neighbourhood of Beşiktaş district in Istanbul, Turkey, on the way to Yıldız Palace. The mosque was commissioned by the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II, and constructed between 1884 and 1886.

The mosque was built on a rectangular plan and has one minaret. The architecture of the mosque is a combination of Neo-Gothic style and classical Ottoman motifs. A bronze colonnade erected by Sultan Abdülhamid II in Marjeh Square of Damascus, Syria bears a replica statue of the Yıldız Mosque on top.

The principal name of the mosque is Hamidiye Mosque, built in 1885 by Sultan Abdülhamid II. (1842 - 1918). It is rather far from the traditional Ottoman architectural style in its architectural scheme and decorative elements. It is one of the world's first and rare Gothic mosques. The mosque is an unrivalled example of late Ottoman mosque architecture. It is said that Sultan Abdülhamid II designed the mosque himself.

The mosque was been built after Sultan Abdülhamid II was established in the Yıldız Palace. Both the Hünkar Köşkü (royal residence) and the Harim (sanctum sanctorum) of the mosque on square plan provide a more full visual completeness. Moreover, both the small and high dome of the mosque were erected above a polygonal tambour, which has 16 windows. Neo-Gothic style windows and muqarnas (decorative) lines add a different complexion on the tambour of the mosque.

Gold leaf and the unprecedented star-shaped engravments on the blue decorations / adornments of the dome are beautiful examples of the rich engraving of the mosque. Additionally, the minaret of the structure has a decorated sherefe (minaret balcony), and the body of the minaret is fluted upward. The minaret has a single gallery and is decorated with stone carvings.

The interior ornamentation is very rich, extravagant and sophisticated. There are rooms on the left and right which are reached by stairs. The room on the right, the Sufera room with walls covered with 18 carat gold, had been designated for ambassadors and other high-ranking foreign officials. The room on the left, on the other hand, was the Hünkar pew, where the Sultan would pray in private. The Hünkar pew had an oil-painted ceiling.

The dome sits on four thick iron columns and has 16 windows. The eaves of the dome are decorated with engraved stars. The inside of the dome is also ornate. Additionally, the minaret of the structure has a decorated sherefe (minaret balcony), and the body of the minaret is fluted upward. There are verses from the Quran decorate four sides of the mosque. The panels on the walls are made of ebony with pearl engravings. Borders with inscriptions of chapters from the Koran encircle the interior walls.

There are 17 windows in the mosque and verses from the Quran decorate four sides of the mosque. The panels on the walls are made of ebony with pearl engravings. Borders with inscriptions of chapters from the Koran encircle the interior walls.

The mosque was been built after Sultan Abdülhamid II was established in the Yıldız Palace. Both the Hünkar Köşkü (royal residence) and the Harim (sanctum sanctorum) of the mosque on square plan provide a more full visual completeness. Moreover, both the small and high dome of the mosque were erected above a polygonal tambour, which has 16 windows.

Neo-Gothic style windows and muqarnas (decorative) lines add a different complexion on the tambour of the mosque. Gold leaf and the unprecedented star-shaped engravments on the blue decorations/adornments of the dome are beautiful examples of the rich engraving of the mosque.

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