Tuesday, May 22, 2018

ŞEBSEFA HATUN MOSQUE

Zeyrek, Fatih - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'10.0"N 28°57'31.6"E / 41.019444, 28.958778



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

The Şebsefa Hatun Mosque, built in 1787, is situated in the Zeyrek neighborhood of the Fatih District, as well as along Atatürk Boulevard. Its construction was commissioned by Fatma Şebsefa Hatun, a wife of Sultan Abdulhamid I (1725 -1789). She had it built in commemoration of her son.

When it was brought together with the Sıbyan Mektebi (an Ottoman elementary-primary school), the mosque’s fountains were removed from their former sites during the road broadening works. The primary school, which is now an imam lodge, dates from 1805, according to the records, was a coeducational school. It is evident that the building was clearly redesigned as a complex.

It is of brick and stone; the porch has an upper storey with a cradle-vault and inside there is a sort of narthex also of two storeys, covered with three small domes. These upper storeys form a deep and attractive gallery overlooking the central area of the mosque, which is covered by a high dome resting on the walls. To the north of the mosque is a long mektep with a pretty cradle vaulted roof.

The wall is composed solely of stone and brick, and the mosque has a Baroque architectural style. The ceiling of the Harim (sanctum sanctorum) is mainly composed of a dome standing on a tambour with 16 windows. The dome is supported by four smaller domes located at the corners of the structure. There are five marble columns in the last prayer section. The interior of the mosque is lit by 29 windows.

The minaret with a sherefe (minaret balcony) located on the left side of the mosque is made of cut stone. Furthermore, the inscription on the portal gate reveals a poem in the epigraph written by the Şeyhülislam of that period, the fifth Yahya Tevfik.

Şebsefa Hatun, the builder of the mosque, was buried in the graveyard of the Mosque. The mosque is now nestled below road level, after the completion of the later road construction.

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