Friday, April 28, 2017

AMCAZADE HÜSEYİN PASHA COMPLEX

Saraçhane, Fatih - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'54.5"N 28°57'07.4"E / 41.015139, 28.952056

Amcazade Huseyin Pasha Complex / Sarachane - Fatih photo amcazade_madrasa104.jpg

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On Macar Kardeşler Street, the Amcazade Hüseyin Pasha Complex was by Chief Architect Hüseyin Ağa. The fine complex of Amcazade Hüseyin Paşa. This is one of the most elaborate and picturesque of the smaller classical complexes. It was built by Hüseyin Paşa while he was Grand Vezir (1697-1702) under Sultan Mustafa II, and thus comes at the very end of the classical period. Hüseyin Paşa was a cousin (amcazade) of Fazıl Ahmet Paşa of the able and distinguished Köprülü family.

The complex includes an octagonal dershane or lecture hall, serving also as a mosque; a medrese, a library, a large primary school over a row of shops, two little cemeteries with open türbes, a şadırvan, a sebil and a çeşme, all arranged with an almost romantic disorder. The street façade consists first of the open walls of the small graveyards, divided by the projecting curve of the sebil. All of these have fine brass grilles, those of the türbe nearest the entrance gate being quite exceptionally beautiful specimens of seventeenth-century grillework.

Next comes the entrance gate with an Arabic inscription giving the date 1698. The çeşme just beyond it with its reservoir behind is a somewhat later addition, for its inscription records that it was a benefaction of the Şeyh-ül Islam Mustafa Efendi in 1739. Finally there is a row of four shops with an entrance between them leading to the two large rooms of the mektep on the upper floor.

On entering the courtyard, one has on the left the first of the open türbes - the one with the exceptionally handsome grilles - and then the columned portico of the mosque: this portico runs around seven of the eight sides of the mosque and frames it in a rectangle. The mosque itself is without a minaret and its primary object was clearly to serve as a lecture hall for the medrese.

It is severely simple, its dome adorned only with some rather pale stencilled designs probably later than the building itself. There are 47 tombs in the complex as various members of the family were buried in the complex after the death of Amcazade Hüseyin Pasha in 1702.

The far side of the courtyard is formed by the 17 cells of the medrese with their domed and columned portico. Occupying the main part of the right-hand side is the library building. It is in two storeys, but the lower floor serves chiefly as a water reservoir, the upper being reached by a flight of outside steps around the side and back of the building, leading to a little domed entrance porch on the first floor. The madrasah, which is quite wide, covers an area of about 2580 square meters. The madrasah is surrounded by a portico that is supported by 22 marble columns.

The medallion inscription on the front of the library records a restoration in 1755 by Hüseyin Paşa’s daughter Rahmiye Hatun after the earthquake of 1894 which ruined the complex; the manuscripts it had contained were removed and are now in the Süleymaniye library. The right-hand corner of the courtyard is occupied by the shops and the mektep above them: note the amusing little dovecotes in the form of miniature mosques on the façade overlooking the entrance gate.

A columned şadırvan stands in the middle of the courtyard. This charmingly irregular complex is made still more picturesque by the warm red of the brickwork alternating with buff-coloured limestone, by the many marble columns of the portico, and not  least by the fine old trees - cypresses, locusts and two enormous terebinths - that grow out of the open türbes and in the courtyard.

The külliye now serves as the Museum of Turkish Architectural Works and Construction Elements, including architectural and sculptural fragments, calligraphical inscriptions and old tombstones. One particularly interesting exhibit is the top of one of the minarets of Fatih Camii, toppled by the earthquake in 1894.

The monumental buildings and restoration departments of the General Directorate of Trusts undertook the restoration of the külliye, which today houses many architectural items removed from Ottoman buildings during restoration work and from ruined and demolished historic buildings.

Other items include those of historic interest formerly kept in mosques, madrasahs, tekkes and tombs, such as lecterns, candelabra, and light fittings, which were in danger of being lost or damaged in their original situations.

The museum has a rich collection of tiles, such as those from the Huand Hatun baths, decorated with human figures dating from the Seljuk era; inscribed tiles from the Beyşehir Demirli Mesjid made in the mosaic technique; Arabian tiles brought to Turkey by the achietect Kemâleddin Bey when the Kubbe’t-üs Sahra in Jerusalem was being restored; and colour glaze and mosaic tiles from buildings in Bursa and Edirne, dating from the early Ottoman period. İn a separate section are under-glazed sixteenth century tiles and blue and white seventeenth century tiles, representing the peak of Ottoman art.

In the section of stone works are many dated inscriptions and decorative items from mosques, madrasahs, tekkes, fountains and other historic buildings of which today there is no trace. These provide an invaluable guide for restorers. Nails, iron knobs, door and window locks and keys, rosettes, rivets, used for fixing blocks of stone together, and taps teli the story of the construction.

The museum has received large numbers of donated objects, which include lecterns embellished with mother-of-pearl and flowers and bearing imperial monograms; Seljuk, Memluk and Ottoman candlesticks, censers, lanterns and healing cups; and Ottoman and European glass lamps.

The museum has a fine collection of alems, the metals emblems on mosque domes and minarets. The wide range of examples are arranged in chronological order. The largest is from the minaret in Okmeydanı. Small scale sanjak alems used in tekkes include beautiful examples of decorative calligraphy.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : Turkish Foundation Construction And Artworks of İstanbul

MORE INFO & CONTACT
Phone : +90 212 525 1294
Fax : +90 212 527 5851

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

SULTAN ABDÜLHAMİT I MADRASA

Bahçekapı,  Fatih - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'56.0"N 28°58'24.5"E / 41.015556, 28.973472

Sultan Abdulhamit I Madrasa / Bahcekapi - Fatih photo ticaret_borsasi109.jpg

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Sultan Abdülhamid I Complex is situated in Bahçekapı. Its construction was initiated between 1775-1776 in the period of Sultan Abdülhamid I and completed in 1789. Its architecture is Mehmed Tahir Ağa.

Sultan Abdülhamid I (1774-1789) was built in 1776-1777 by the İmaret forms a part. Sultan Abdülhamid I wanted to build a mosque, but the most populous district of the city, such as the Yeni Mosque near the great temple conduct a soup kitchen, and thought it would be better for charitable establishment has done. İmaret side of this madrasa, dispenser, drinking fountain, the library added.

The madrasah (moslem theological school) part of the Sultan Abdülmecid I complex is used as the Istanbul Commodity Exchange today. The complex is the last one build by a pasha and its construction was finished in 1780. The madrasah as a building has the distinct characteristic of being build as an independent building with a basement, unlike the previous ones, which they were always connected to a mosque.

ISTANBUL COMMODITY EXCHANGE

The establishment of the Istanbul Commodity Exchange, was envisaged for the first time in 1880. However, this establishment could not have been realized for a long time due to some problems. At that time, the foundation of a commodity exchange had been entrusted to the Istanbul Chamber of Commerce. The legal procedure was supplied with the Regulation of Commodity Exchanges in 1886.

Hence, the establishment of the commodity exchange has been retarded. That delay was probably caused by the unwillingness of merchants in Istanbul to join that kind of institution which imposes some regulations which force them to make trade by following determined procedures and tariffs. Because of all these factors and the wars occurred at the time of the events, commodity exchange could not have been established at the period of Ottoman Empire.

With the proclamation of the Republic in Turkey, the subject had come to the agenda again by the proposition of some members of Parliament in respect of Denizli. The Istanbul Cereals and Commodity Exchange has legally been established on 19 October 1924.

Because of all these factors and the wars occurred at the time of the events, commodity exchange could not have been established at the period of Ottoman Empire. With the proclamation of the Republic in Turkey, the subject had come to the agenda again by the proposition of some members of Parliament in respect of Denizli. The Istanbul Cereals and Commodity Exchange has legally been established on 19 October 1924.

Instantly, since there was not a laboratory to inspect the crops, the construction of a new building started in May 1926. Cereals, pulse and oilseeds were inspected and published on boards. The Istanbul Livestock Exchange was opened separately from the commodity exchange on 13 February 1929 although the Istanbul Commodity Exchange had been very active in its establishment.

The Istanbul Livestock Exchange which had been operating in Karaagaç, has been abolished. All documentation has been transferred to the Istanbul Commodity Exchange by October 1943.

The name of "Animal Exchange" has been changed as "The Agency of Butchery Affairs". In 1988, with the Haliç Cleaning and Redeveloppement Project, it has been decided to move this slaughterhouse to Tuzla/Aydınköy. The Istanbul Commodity Exchange Livestock Establishment was opened at Tuzla/Aydınköy on 26 January 1989.

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WEB SITE : Istanbul Commodity Exchange

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : gensek@istib.org.tr
Phone : +90 212 511 8440
Fax : +90 212 522 2677

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CAFER PAŞA MADRASAH

Eyüp - Istanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'47.6"N 28°56'05.2"E / 41.046562, 28.934779

 photo caferpasa_madrasa126.jpg

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In the meantime, another project will work to save thousands of books that sit untouched on dusty shelves in Eyüp. The municipality's library project is aimed at bringing new life to these books, which number around 9,000 but which have long been inaccessible to local residents.

Another municipality effort is underway at the local Cafer Paşa Cultural Center atelier, where female residents of Eyüp have the opportunity to learn how to decorate ceramic tiles for free. The municipality provides all the technical assistance necessary, with an exhibition of work planned for the end of the course.

Another aspect to the project taking place at the Cafer Paşa Cultural Center is that local women use traditional handicraft arts to create children's toys. These traditional toys are made from colorful wood, pottery and plaster. This particular project is the result of a coordinated effort by the Tarih Vakfı (History Foundation) and the municipality, with a view to re-enlivening some of Turkey's cultural heritage.

According to Evliya Çelebi, an Ottoman Turkish traveler who journeyed through the territory of the Ottoman Empire and neighboring lands over a period of forty years, there were 100 shops and 105 craftsmen producing and selling toys in the historical bazaar back in the year 1635.

Toys were entirely crafted by collecting and making use of the remaining material of the factories around the Golden Horn and bought by the visitors in the region. These toys were a notable case in Turkish history, carrying characteristic values parallel to cultural recreation. This culture, with 300 years of tradition, had vanished by the end of the 20th century, surpassed by the plastic toy industry.

However there are efforts to revitalize historical toys and toy making. The project of ‘Revitalizing Eyüp Toys’ is part of a greater project conducted by the History Foundation with the cooperation of the European Union. It’s eventually oriented to Eyüp district with the interference of Eyüp Municipality.

Eyüp Toys workshop continues to work at Cafer Pasha Cultural Center associated with the Municipality. Historical Eyüp Toys Cooperative helps the development of new craftsmen and new toys being produced are offered to children through school visits, toy making and toy painting workshops with children and their parents.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : Cafer Paşa Kültür Merkezi

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : kultur@eyup.bel.tr
Phone : +90 212 567 5367
Fax : +90 212 612 0020

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.