Thursday, January 18, 2018

BAGHDAD PAVILION

GPS : 41°00'51.4"N 28°59'04.2"E / 41.014276, 28.984507

Topkapı Palace Museum / Fourth Courtyard



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

The Baghdad Kiosk (Bağdad Köşkü) is situated on the right section of the Marble Terrace. The Baghdad Kiosk (Bağdad Köşkü) is situated on the right side of the terrace with a fountain. It was built to commemorate the Baghdad Campaign of Murad IV (1623 – 1640) after 1638.

Located in the fourth courtyard of the palace. This pavilion is sited to allow uninterrupted views of the golden Horn, Galata and the Sea of Marmara. Built in 1639 on the orders of Sultan Murat IV, it is one of the best examples of Turkish art and architecture. Standing today in its original from the exterior is decorated with tiles and internally these are very rare decorations of arabesque painted on leather.

Built by the architect Koca Kasım, this pavilion is also eight sided, and Surrounded by marble columns supporting a broad overhanging roof line, in a circular portico. Like the Revan, the lower walls are of marble and the upper walls of tiles. The mother - of pearl and tortoise shell inlay work in the doors, window frames, and closets in the interior are excellent examples of Turkish workmanship.

This construction which is one of the most beautiful köşks, not only among those in Imperial Sofa, but also among those of palace that survived today was built in 1693 to commemorate the conquest of Baghdad by Murad IV. The wall spaces throughout are totally covered in tile. From the heavily decorated dome hangs a golf - leafed sphere. Seating divans line the wall insets covered in velvet fabrics. The solid bronze fireplace blends with the massive tile bird figures on either side.

It closely resembles the Revan Kiosk. The three doors to the porch are located between the sofas. The façade is covered with marble, strips of porphyry and verd antique. The marble panelling of the portico is executed in Cairene Mamluk style. The interior is an example of an ideal Ottoman room.

The recessed shelves and cupboards are decorated with early 16th century green, yellow and blue tiles. The blue-and-white tiles on the walls are copies of the tiles of the Circumcision Room, right across the terrace. With its tiles dating to the 17th century, mother-of-pearl, tortoise-shell decorated cupboard and window panels, this pavilion is one of the last examples of the classical palace architecture.

The doors have very fine inlay work. On the right side of the entrance is a fireplace with a gilded hood. In the middle of the room is a silver mangal (charcoal stove), a present of King Louis XIV of France. From the mid-18th century onwards, the building was used as the library of the Privy Chamber. The small room behind the mansion was used as coffee kitchen.

The köşk that was built for the memory of Baghdad victory was built on that place where a tower existed before at the end of terrace. In order to build the köşk, terrace required to be widened further towards Haliç direction. This köşk that has been one of the most successful, best protected examples was used as the library of Private Room along with Revan Pavilion starting from the mid- 18th century. The palace in the books in Baghdad Pavilion was turned over to Palace Library Collection.

The Koran verses inscribed on the cincture wrapping the building all around were written in white Celî Sülüs (a style of Arabic script with large letters used in writing inscriptions) characters on a blue background by Tophaneli Enderûnî Mahmut Çelebi, a famous palace calligrapher of the era. The couplet in Persian language inscribed above the gate to the pavilion includes the Kelime-i Tevhid (The Word of Unity: Islamic declaration of faith in the oneness of God).

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : Topkapı Palace Museum Directorate

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : topkapisarayimuzesi@kultur.gov.tr
Phone : +90 212 512 0480
Fax : +90 212 526 9840

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

IV COURTYARD PAVILIONS

Sultanahmet, Fatih - Istanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'49.6"N 28°59'05.9"E / 41.013793, 28.984965

Topkapı Palace Museum / Fourth Courtyard Pavilions

The Fourth Courtyard (IV. Avlu), also known as the Imperial Sofa (Sofa-ı Hümâyûn), was more of an innermost private sanctuary of the sultan and his family, and consists of a number of pavilions, kiosks (köşk), gardens and terraces. It was originally a part of the Third Courtyard but recent scholars have identified it as more separate to better distinguish it.

REVAN PAVILION

GPS : 41°00'49.8"N 28°59'05.0"E / 41.013833, 28.984722



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

The Revan Pavilion was built in 1635 under Sultan Murat IV (1623-1640) to the memory of the conquest of Yerevan (Revan), on a piece of land gained by reducing the size of the pond that existed on the Sofa-i Hümâyûn since the time of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror (1451-1481). The pavilion believed to have been conceived by the Head Architect of the period, Koca Kasım Ağa, with an octagonal floor plan has three iwans.

The ceiling of the gazebo situated between the two iwans on the east flank overlooking the Tulip Garden is inscribed with some of the verses of the Kaside-i Bürde (a sacred poem). On an octagonal layout, it is a single room, whose walls to the window edge are marble, and above are tile work. There is a double line of windows decorated in mother -of -pearl and tortoise shell. The central brazier was a gift of the French King Louis XV, to Sultan Mahmut I, made by Duplesisa, a famous worker in bronze of the time.

In 1733, during the reign of Sultan Mahmut I (1730-1754) a foundation library consisting of extremely valuable books, mainly of history, destined to the use of the Imperial Pages (Has Odalılar), was established in the wood cabinets of the pavilion. The library which was further developed by Sultan Osman III (1754-57) and Sultan Mustafa III (1757-1774), has been included in the collection of the Palace Museum Library when the palace was converted into a museum.

On our way to the Baghdad Pavilion, the heavily tiled outer wall of the Circumcision Room is seen, and next the lovely gilt - bronze baldachin of Sultan İbrahim dating from 1640. It was here that the sultan broke his daily fasting at sunset during the Month of Fasting (Ramazan). Like the sultan himself, let us break our tour here, and enjoy the same lovely overlook of the city which this position affords us. From here, we ill then proceed to the Baghdad Pavilion.

The köşk that was built for commemoration of conquest of Revan by Sultan Murad IV was constructed on the terrace in an area that was obtained upon shrinking and reshaping of the pool that existed in Imperial Sofa since Sultan Mehmed II. Köşk has a octagonal shape and has three balconies. The Revan Kiosk (Revan Köşkü) served as a religious retreat of forty days. It is a rather small pavilion with a central dome and three apses for sofas. The fourth wall contains the door and a fireplace. The wall facing the colonnade is set with marble, the other walls with low-cost İznik blue-and-white tiles, patterned after those of a century earlier.

The fact that Revan Pavilion is mentioned as "Turban Room (Sarık Odası)" in some of the Ottoman sources is related to the fact that the turbans that represented the Ottoman Sultan were safeguarded here by Cheesecloth Servant (Tülbent Gulamı). Also, Holy Relic Section (Hırka-i Saadet) and other sacred articles used to be transferred to Revan Pavilion during the cleaning of Private Room every year in Ramadan month.

Sultan Mahmut I created an utmost valuable predominantly history books-library in this köşk for those in Private Room. The library that was further enlarged by Sultan Osman III and Sultan Mustafa III had been returned to Palace Library Collection when the palace was transformed into museum. Köşk is open to visits.

The Revan Pavilion is also called sarık odası (turban room) by some sources with reference to the fact that the sacred relics were kept there during the Chamber of the Holy Mantle’s traditional cleaning ceremony attended by the sultans.

The Revan Kiosk is one of the finest examples of the classical Ottoman mansion style. It is a relatively small pavilion with a central dome and three apses. The projecting eaves decorated with Iznik tiles, central dome and delicate woodwork in recessed cupboards and doors are worth seeing.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : Topkapı Palace Museum Directorate

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : topkapisarayimuzesi@kultur.gov.tr
Phone : +90 212 512 0480
Fax : +90 212 526 9840

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

IMPERIAL SOFA GARDENS

GPS : 41°00'49.7"N 28°59'05.9"E / 41.013793, 28.984965

Topkapı Palace Museum / Fourth Courtyard



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

It is surrounded by a marble terrace that is also surrounded by a wall in front of Sultan’s flat called as Castlecover (Hisarpeçe) and a lower level garden of flowers on three other sides. The stone throne in the part of this garden that is below the Sofa Pavilion and marble terrace in which some sultans or converts played games such as cirit (javelin), shooting arrow and wrestling in front of Head of Doctors Tower is the place where the Sultans sat and watched these activities.

Various pavilions and buildings are located in this garden starting from the 15th century in the part that faces Marmara Sea and the scenery. In this part of garden, there used to be gates that provided passage to III. courtyard and big gardens of palace where the dormitories of convert existed. Today, Sofa Mosque that was built in 19th century and Grand (Mecidiye) Pavilion being built in 1859 by Sultan Abdülmecid and a connected small construction called as Dressing Room exist there.

Before that, it is known that there used to be a pavilion which Fatih Sultan Mehmed made built and a construction called as Tent Pavilion (Çadır Köşk) over the gate that provided passage to lower gardens there.

Sofa dormitory that is considered to be constructed in 18th century and belonged to employees who were in charge of cleaning Silahtarağa Pavilion, the third courtyard of Enderun, and Imperial Sofa used to exist there. These structures could not survive until today, because they were destroyed since they were ruined during 19th century.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : Topkapı Palace Museum Directorate

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : topkapisarayimuzesi@kultur.gov.tr
Phone : +90 212 512 0480
Fax : +90 212 526 9840

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.