Wednesday, September 20, 2017

NATIONAL PALACE COLLECTIONS MUSEUM / HEATING - INDUSTRIAL AND KITCHEN TOOLS

Dolmabahçe, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'28.5"N 29°00'14.5"E / 41.041249, 29.004029



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

A large portion of the collection contains the tools, equipment and machinery used as modern technology of the era, in the palaces, mansions and pavilions built during the Industrial Revolution period. In this group, there are the products produced of different materials and with different knowledge, which give information about the daily life and production technologies of the past, and show the invention-inventor-designer-manufacturer and vendor links.

The large collection containing a wide variety of products from stove to agricultural spraying instrument, from telegraph machine to projection device, from massage devices to dental unit, from cooking pot to washing machine has rare samples of the industrial design in the period of Ottoman Empire after 1850 and early Republican period. These articles, tools and machinery met with curiosity and used with excitement by the people of the palaces in the palace life are interesting as the first of many products that today we use in our daily lives.

Selections From The Collection

Ceramic Stove
Rococo decorations on the white ceramic surfaces, colored with gilt and pink colors, are available as bas-relief. Pink-color is applied to the corner transmissions. At the upper right side, there is a pulling cord and a ventilation handle in the form of metallic rod, which is not available today. The stove with an acroterium at its top has a semicircular arched cover placed at the front, in the lower furnace part.

Stereoscope
It is Paul Mall London brand. It magnifies 10 x 10 cm twin photographic images as on glass or printed on paper, and shows them to the viewer in three dimensions through its lens. It has been designed in such a way as to enable three people to see the photos at the same time. Placed on at the both sides in it, there are two accordions connected with the turning levers at the outside, and 75 photos can be placed in order at each side. When the symmetrically placed handles seen at the upper part is turned once, the photograph strip is turned once as well and consequently, the image is changed. It was used in the period of Sultan Abdülhamid II, who was highly interested in photos.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : National Palaces Administration

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : millisaraylar@tbmm.gov.tr
Phone : +90 212 236 9000
Fax : +90 212 2593292

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

NATIONAL PALACE COLLECTIONS MUSEUM / DECORATIVE WORKS OF ART

Dolmabahçe, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'28.5"N 29°00'14.5"E / 41.041249, 29.004029



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

Decorative works of art constitute an important part of the National Palaces Collection These works of art that decorate various places of the palaces and the pavilions, can be gathered in three sections as Turkish, European and Far Eastern. In 19th century where the relations with the West were growing stronger, to buy luxury consumer goods exclusively from Europe for the palace and  the pavilions had become the vogue of the period.

The Sultans and the ladies of the Palaces bought lots of decorative works of art from local and foreign tradesmen residing in Galata and Beyoğlu and used them in the decoration of the palaces, the pavilions and the summer palaces. Another part of the decorative works of art found in the collection are sent by the empire members of the other countries. Besides, in Europe in many factories, decorative works of art are produced for the Ottoman market.

When studying the National Palaces Collection, we notice that a large part of the decorative works of art is of European origin. The larger section of these works of art made of porcelain, glass, metal material is formed by the porcelain vases. In general, many of these vases produced by the use of an extraordinary technique and great care where on a colored base golden gilding are made of French Sevres and Limoges porcelain.

Another part of the decorative art pieces of the palace collections are formed by the Far east vases of various sizes produces in Japan and China. Many of these works of art are formed by blue-white vases and they are complementary elements of the places constructed in an eclectic style.

During the reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II. (1876-1909), in the beginning of the 1890s with the construction of Yıldız Faience Imperial Factory, the period of Turkish porcelain started in the palaces, pavilions and summer palaces. Decorative art pieces constitute the larger part of the porcelains realized with an elegant taste. These works of art, with their original forms and decoration are unique pieces.

Each of the decorative works of art made of Yıldız porcelain occupying a special place in the National Palaces Porcelain Collection, with a documentary characteristic, proves to be important as in the following of our porcelain history.

Selections From The Collection

Vase 1
Bearing empiric influences, with a cylinder form widening to the upper part, on the one side of the lockets found on both sides of the lidded vase, German Emperor Wilhelm II. on the other side Postdam Palace are depicted in a naturalist style. On both sides of the frame of the vase, there exist eagle figures as the empire symbol and look like a relief handle. The laurel branches in relief issuing from the pedestal of the eagles as garlands envelop the frame of the vase.

On the lower part of the frame between garland, on  one of the lockets found in the middle and encircled with a set of pearl, R.W. letters with golden gilding   (It’s the monogram of the Emperor Wilhelm II.) and on the other one the Empire crown are depicted. The angel figures on both sides of the lid encircle the top depicted as the empire crown. The handle part has a cross form. On the whole surface, the golden gilding is used quite deeply. It is produced in Berlin Empire Factory (KPM). It is made with glazing surface, in relief with a mold, fixturing techniques.

Vase 2
With a large frame, the cylinder vase grows narrow to the upper part. The Bosporus scene existing on the blue base frame, though realist carries picturesque influences. On the backside and the entrance of the vase, you can see the Ottoman motifs. in the middle of the neck, the Ottoman state armorial bearings of the later period are designed. On this part in Arabic it is inscribed the Ottoman Empire’s emperor Abdülhamid Han, who reigned with the help of the German. The vase with the star and crescent seal is made with the glazing surface technique.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : National Palaces Administration

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : millisaraylar@tbmm.gov.tr
Phone : +90 212 236 9000
Fax : +90 212 2593292

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

NATIONAL PALACE COLLECTIONS MUSEUM / CALLIGRAPHY ART AND WRITING SETS

Dolmabahçe, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'28.5"N 29°00'14.5"E / 41.041249, 29.004029



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

Dolmabahçe Palace Calligraphy Art and Writing Sets Collection cover works of art such as; calligraphy frames, writing sets, seals, emblems, marks and lockets, maps and table rings. The most important frames within Dolmabahçe Palace Calligraphy Collection, is the calligraphy art with Sultan Abdülmecid  (1839-1861) name. Sultan Abdülmecid, learned calligraphy art from Mehmed Tahir Efendi, the student of Mahmud Celaleddin who was a school and he got authorization.

The frames that he wrote by Arabic script exist in the collection. We possess also the frames belonging to the last caliph Abdülmecid Efendi, a member of the empire, known also by his keenness for art. Again, there exist tablets written by Yesari-zade Mustafa İzzet Efendi, Sheik Mehmed Abdülaziz Rıfai, Şefik Bey, who were among the most famous calligrapher of the period.

In National Palaces Calligraphy Art and Writing Sets Collection, the Writing Sets occupy a quite larger place. Writing sets, generally are formed of pen-case with inkwell, pen, sandbox, inkpot, clippers, pen-knife, scissors and blotter.

In the collection, the crystal, metal and casting writing sets exist. The writing set carrying Sultan Abdülhamid II. (1876-1909)  sultan's signature and inkpot, the writing set with "AH" initials  (the first letters of Sultan Abdülhamid), a writing set presented to Sultan Reşad (1909-1918) during his visit to Salonika, are among the precious objects of the collection.

We can see that the seal of Ottoman Parliament found on the casting writing sets, after the foundation of TBMM, is used by Arabic letters as "TBMM". The changes undergone by the seals found on the casting writing sets, are at the same time, the examples of the changes in our political history and the memories of those days.

Selections From The Collection

Tablet
It is written on black ground in zerendud style and with Arabic script. On the tablet, "Kullema dahale aleyha Zekeriyya el-mihrab" is written that is known also as verse of mihrab. Dating of 1282 hegira (1865-66) the tablet is signed of "Ketebehu Abdülmecid bin Mahmud Han". It has a frame with a sheet whose sideline is decorated with botanical motifs. It measures 84 x 41 cm.

Writing Set
The French writing set is formed of nine pieces as a pair of crystal inkpot, blotter, pen handles, pen-knife, envelope, letter openers and seal. The gilding brass part, in empire style is decorated botanical motifs. On the lids of inkpot there exist armorial bearings. The inside of the case of leather, is covered by silk and velvet tissue.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : National Palaces Administration

MORE INFO & CONTACT
E-Mail : millisaraylar@tbmm.gov.tr
Phone : +90 212 236 9000
Fax : +90 212 2593292

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.