Sunday, April 29, 2018


Fındıklı, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'47.7"N 28°59'20.0"E / 41.029917, 28.988889


Cemile and Münire Sultans twin palaces was build for Sultan Abdülmecid’s daughters as twin palaces at 1860 in Fındıklı. Cemile Sultan’s palace is used by Faculty of Arts and also Münire Sultan’s Palace used by Faculty of Architecture today. Fındıklı Cemile and Münire Sultan Palaces (1856-1859)

Feriye palaces were built as residences for married princesses and other members of the royal family. During this period of strong western influence, the architecture of all these palaces displays an eclectic variety of western styles with its neo-classical colonnaded façade. The construction followed Dolmabahçe( 1856) and Çırağan (1872) palaces on the Bosporus.

Double palaces in Fındıklı built for the daughters of Sultan Abdülmecit (1839-1861) by royal contractor Garabet Amira Balyan as Cemile Sultan Sarayı (closer to Molla Çelebi Mosque) and Münire Sultan Sarayı. The palace was later used for Meclis-i Mebusan ve Meclis-i Âyan Ottoman Parliament ( 1913-1920 after the Çırağan palace fire)  at later years as shown in the picture with occupation navy anchored in front.

Cemile and Münire Sultans twin palaces was build for Sultan Abdulmecid’s daughters at 1860 in Fındıklı after which was used as Ottoman State assembly building. In 1927 School of Fine Arts moved to Cemile Sultan’s Palace. This comfort would continue to 1948, until an un expected fire, Academy's efforts for setting up an order halted for a time. The Conference Hall which is the subject of this paper is in the upper level sofa of the former palace. After the fire, building was reconstructed in 1953.

The new conference hall planned in the same place, as a manner similar hall, formally as a sofa for exhibitions and meetings. Influence of social and cultural environment of the Academy in the1960s, a flexible solution for use in multipurpose hall are projected. Later in the space needs, classroom problems and, with the effect of the new auditorium in the site, the conference hall begins smaller and loses importance in the Academy. This paper aims to document the spatial change of the Conference Hall dating from1927 to the present day with social and cultural environment of the Academy.


Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University (Turkish: Mimar Sinan Güzel Sanatlar Üniversitesi) is a Turkish state university dedicated to the higher education of fine arts. It is located in the Fındıklı neighborhood of İstanbul

Academic units
Faculty of natural sciences and literature (archeology, pedagogy, physics, statistics, mathematics, history of art, sociology, history, Turkish philology and literature)
Faculty of fine arts (photography, traditional Turkish handicrafts, graphic design, sculpture, painting, stage design and stage clothes, ceramics art and glass art, cinema and TV, textile design and fashion design, bookbinding, tilework restoration, calligraphy, rug and old textile design)
Faculty of architecture (industrial design, interior architecture, architecture, urban planning and regional planning)
State conservatory (music, musicology, performing arts)
Vocational school (textile design, architectural restoration)
Institute of natural sciences
Institute of social sciences
School of informatics

Osman Hamdi Bey, who took painting education in Paris, was the director of İstanbul Acheology Museum and he was assigned for another duty on January 1, 1882: Being appointed as the director of Sanayi-i Nefise Mekteb-i Alisi (The Imperial School of Fine Arts). This was assumed as the first step toward the establishment of the Academy. Osman Hamdi Bey started by the construction of a building across the Archeology Museum (Oriental Works of Art Museum) and he started education with 20 students located in 5 workshops. Number of students increased to 60 in two years.

The teaching staff was formulated according to the curriculum of the Painting, Sculpture, Architecture and Calligraphy Departments and the official name Mekteb-i Sanayi-i Nefise-i fiahane was given. Oksan Efendi for Sculpture,Alexandre Vallaury for Technical Architecture, Salvator Valeri for oil painting, Joseph Warnia Zarzecki for Pencil Painting were assigned. However, the following were given as shared programs: Anatomy by Yusuf Rami Efendi, Mathematics by Hasan Fuat Bey and History by Aristoklis Efendi.

Calligraphy Department started education by the arrival of Stanislas Arthur Napier to school. Sanayi-i NefiseMekte-i Ali sent Feyzi Bey and Nizameddin Bey from moved to Cağaloğlu Gedikler Kahyası Salih Efendi Konağı from a small building in fiehzadebaşı and to Cağaloğlu Lisan Mektebi (language school) in the following years.

The year 1924 is important as the year when the Ornamentation Department was established. Avni Lifij was their first teacher. This department gained its real quality in 1927 when Eric Weber established the Poster Workshop during the directorate of Namık İsmail. The year 1926 is an important date for Sanayi-i Nefise Mekteb-i Ali. Because of continual displacement and being obliged to give education at unqualified buildings, the institution lost its collection and most of its workshpo materials.

Finally, the institution started education at a permanent building at Meclis-i Mebusan in Fındıklı. The title of the school remained as Sanayi-i Nefise Mekteb-i Ali until the year 1927 and the name changed to Sanayi-i Nefise Akademisi in 1928 and to Güzel Sanatlar Akademisi (Fine Arts Academy) in 1929 and the owl amblem designed by Celal Bey has been used for the first time. Medresetülhattatin which used to give independent education between 1914-1929 was first changed to fiark Tezyini Sanatlar Mektebi (Oriental Ornamentation school) and then to Türk Tezyini Sanatlar Bölümü (Turkish Ornamentation Department) in 1936 which was connected to the Academy afterwards.

This department took the name of Türk Süsleme Bölümü (Turkish Ornamentation Department) and was connected to Tezyini Sanatlar Bölümü (Art of Ornamentation Department) in 1956. When the National Socialists came to power in Germany on January 30, 1933, the educational staff began to work in bad conditions and circumstances like every person living there. This was a turning point for the Academy because the lecturers being forced to abondon were invited to Turkey and this period is remembered as the beginning of the 'Academy Reform'.

Modern education opportunities began to be granted during the academy directorate of Burhan Toprak with the arrival of Leopold Levy to Painting Department, of Rudolph Belling to Sculpture Department, of Ernest Egli, Bruno Taut, Robert Vorthözer to Architecture Department and of Philip Ginther, Marie Louis Sue to Art of Ornamentation Department. With great efforts of Burhan Toprak and of especially Afet İnan establishment of a museum has become true in 1937 and the Museum of Painting and Sculpture was opened at the Veliaht Dairesi (room of the heir to the throne) of Dolmabahçe Palace. 320 art pieces were exhibited and 134 of these pieces were granted from the Academy.

The dynamism that foreign teaching staff assisted in contributed to the education, enable the formation of the Turkish teaching staff of young generation. For instance in Painting Department: Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu, Cemal Tollu, Sabri Berkel, Cevat Dereli, Ali Çelebi, Zeki Kocamemi, Nurullah Berk ve Zeki Faik İzer; in Sculpture Department: Nijad Sirel, Ali Hadi Bara ve Zühtü Müritoğlu played an important role in improving the level of education and they were also advantage for the Turkish Art. In 1943; Kenan Temizan who returned from Germany, founded a studio for Fashion Pictures and as the head of the department of Decorative Arts, he took his part in the young teaching staff of the Academy.

On April 1, 1948, a fire burned down the academy building and caused the destruction of the library, official document, educational supplies and the collection of paintings cmpletely. For this reason, again another moving would be inevitable. Following the fire, while the education was continued in less destioyed buildings and in limited faclities, the Department of Architecture had to be moved to Fındıklı Primary School and then to Yıldız School for Deaf and Dumb. The return was not possible until April 23, 1953.

Apart from the art education in the Academy, with the efforts of Celâl Esat Arseven and Rıfkı Melul Meriç, a unit was formed for the first time, aiming the scientific researches, and in 1951 Turkish Institute of Arts History was founded. Between 1957 and 1959, the Academy was converted into a new administrative statute and became a five-year-school for "higher education"; had its self-administration; chiefs were elected and students were admitted according to the talent test following the high school.

Besides, the name of Decorative Arts Department was changed to Higher Decorative Arts Department as the Club Cinema 7 - founded previously - developed in time, Turkish Film Archive in 1967 and State Archive of Films, Academy of Fine Arts in 1969 were founded. As of 1973, the cinema courses were started by the chairmanship of Sami fiekeroğlu and supported by Metin Erksan, Lütfi Ö. Akad, İlhan Arakon and Halit Refiğ, were the first indication of Cinema-TV Institute founded in 1973. In the beginning of 1960's, the intensive work and efforts started by Asım Mutlu, the director of Academy, were completed after 25 years by Hüseyin Gezer, who was the director of the period, and in 1969, the Academy of Fine Arts gained the statute of being a university.

The teaching staff of the Academy could gain their academic career with the legislation enacted 86 years later. One of the most prominent changes in the Academy during the directorship of Hüseyin Gezer was that, the delegates of students also participated in the decisions made by the Academy. The Adile Sultan Palace next to the Meclis-i Meb'usan building and functioned as Atatürk Girls' High School had bee allocated to the Academy in 1970, however; it could be used 5 years later due to the renovation of the building. The School of Architecture and the School of Applied Industrial Arts which were previously in the statute of private higher education, were attached to the Academy with the legislation enacted in 1971.

These two institutions directed by the directors appointed by the Academy, were united under the Body of Academy asof 1980. As of 1975, yet new institutes aiming scientific research and education were established within the Academy: the Cinema-TV Institute, the Urban Research Institute, the Industrial Design Research and Publications Institute, the Turkish Architecture and Restoration Institute, and the Photography Institute. In 1975, the amblem of the Academy was redesigned by Abdullah Taşçı, one of the lecturers in Graphic Department.

The need for publication in the Academy led to the foundation of the printing house with the enterprise of Chief Prof. Sadun Ersin and it started to function in 1976 for the first time. In 1977, the Foundation of Fine Arts' was established under the structure of the Academy and it undertook the aim of creating new opportunities to make researches and studies in various aspects of fine arts, and also improving the art and culture of the Turkish society. The Academy went through with the stages of being a faculty during 1977-1979 and continued its education with the 7 faculties of Architecture, Painting, Sculpture, Industrial Arts, Visual Arts, Basic Art and Science, Construction Production and Environmental Arrangement.

The foundation and the educational function of Ankara State Academy of Fine Arts and Bursa Higher Decorative Arts Department occur at the same time as the period of 1977-1979. These institutions will later on hold a place with İstanbul State Academy of Fine Arts. Between 1977-1987, the precursor 'Art Festival' and 'New Trends Exhibition' organized by the Academy are remenbered as being the most prominent characteristic of a 'headstone' directing the contemporary artistic environment throughout the country. This facility was revived in 1997; however, it could not be as effective as the previous organizations.

In 1981, with the passing of 'Law of Higher Education' all the institutions of high education in Turkey were gathered under the roof of 'Council of High Education'. Prof. Orhan fiahinler, who was the head of the Fine Arts Academy of that period, made great efforts to change the status of the academy to university and all the faculties were rebuilt respectively. During the first Rector Prof. Muhteşem Giray's presidency, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Institute of Positive Sciences, Institute of Social Sciences, State Conservatory were added to the Faculty of Architecture and Faculty of Fine Arts renaming it as the Mimar Sinan University.

The same year Cinema-TV Intitute was reconstructed to consist of two units: Center of Cinema-TV and Cinema TV Department connected to the Faculty of Fine Arts. After the institution gained its status as a university, in 1984 the Mimar Sinan Research Center and in 1985 the research center of Atatürk's principles and History of Turkish Revolution were established. In 1987 when Prof. Gündüz Gökçe was the Rector, the conservatory moved to its new building in Beşiktaş, and in 1988 Fashion & Ready-to-wear program started at the Vocational High School.

In 1989, Zevki Kadın Sıbyan School was allocated to the use of Mimar Sinan University by the Charitable Foundation Office. In 1990, the Museum Founding and Plastic Arts Restoration Research and Applications Center were established within the body of Painting and Sculpture Museum. In 1993, Mimar Sinan University was allocated by the Ministry of Defense a very important building to be used: the historical Tophane-i Amire. The building was rapidly restored and put in to use as the "Tophane-i Amire Culture and Arts Center" during the rectorate of Prof. Tamer Başoğlu. The same year, Department of Basic Education was also established.

In 1999, Department of Information Technologies began its certificate program. The Rector, Prof. İsmet Vildan Alptekin, changed the name of the institution to become "Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University" in 2004. With international efforts and within the process of nomiation to EU, we obtained new advantages. In this respect, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University gained Erasmus University Charter Extended - EUC on Nov.1 2003 and started student and academical staff exchange with the EU universities.


WEB SITE : Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 252 1600

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.


Ortaköy, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'41.8"N 29°01'07.3"E / 41.044944, 29.018694


In 1927, the Maritime College (Turkish: Denizcilik Yüksek Okulu) settled in some buildings of Feriye Palace. In the 1928-29 academic term, Kabataş High School also moved into some buildings of the palace complex. Part of the palace hosted the girls' section of Galatasaray High School when in 1967 the institution started mixed-gender education. Part of the complex in northeastern remained years long neglected.

The Maritime College was transformed into Istanbul Technical University's School of Maritime in 1981, and moved to Tuzla, Istanbul. The buildings became temporarily vacant, were then assigned to Ziya Kalkavan Maritime Vocational High School in 1982.

Çırağan Palace is accepted as the last example of Ottoman Empire’s glory. Sultan Abdülaziz ascended to the throne in 1861 and the palace was constructed between the years of 1861 and 1872. The palace is actually a complex alongside of Bosphorus up to 1.5 km.

There are two Feriye (secondary) palaces next to the main palace. These secondary palaces are still being used. The secondary palaces that are located in Ortaköy are used as Ziya Kalkavan Maritime Vocational High School, Galatasaray University and Kabataş High School.


Since 2007, the school has been offering free, four-month-long maritime classes to people interested in captaining small sailboats, a liberating pursuit that has generally been beyond the means of the masses. Students learn crucial information covering both practical and theoretical aspects of sailing, including how to navigate and operate motors, as well as the details of national and international laws governing the vessels’ operation.

The classes are open to everyone with a high school diploma and an interest in sailing, adding that the program is offered several times a year and draws great interest from people of various backgrounds, ages, and occupations.

At the end of the course, students take an exam administered by the Amateur Maritime Federation. Those who pass receive a license to operate 14 to 16-meter-long sailboats within Turkish territorial waters. Though non-Turkish citizens can enroll in the classes, they are not eligible to take the exam to receive a sailboat license, the school’s director added.

Over the last three years, the maritime school has offered more than 200 classes under the auspices of the Provincial Special Administrative Vocational and Technical Education Classes, or ÖZİMEK, project, which was launched by the Istanbul Provincial Special Administration, or İPSA. The project aims to provide free training to Istanbul residents in various fields, including mechatronics, furniture design and production, restoration, elevator repair and even tomb making.

“There are currently courses in 158 branches offered at 79 schools in Istanbul,” the secretary-general said, adding that the numbers change according to the seasonal demands of students. Classes are held in public school buildings in the evenings or on weekends so that people with jobs can also participate. One course can last between 240 and 400 hours, depending on its level of difficulty.


WEB SITE : Ziya Kalkavan Maritime Vocational High School

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 216 261 6303
Fax : +90 216 260 6705

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.


Ortaköy, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'47.7"N 29°01'19.8"E / 41.046583, 29.022167


Kabataş Erkek Lisesi or Kabataş High School (Ottoman Turkish: Kabataş Mekteb-i İdâdisi) is one of the oldest and the most prominent high schools in Turkey. It is located in Ortaköy at Bosphorus in Istanbul. Kabataş Mekteb-i İdadisi had served to raise qualified leaders for the Ottoman Empire for 15 years.

Established in 1908 by the Ottoman Empire Sultan Abdülhamid II, the high school educated new generations for the Ottoman Empire. During the Balkan Wars, Kabataş sent numerous students to the battlefront. In early years, only boys were educated at the high school.

After Turkey became a republic in 1923, the institution became a standart high school with its new name: Kabataş Erkek Lisesi. Owing to the inadequecy of the building used by the school, Kabataş Erkek Lisesi had to move to the nearby Feriye Palaces, where the relatives of Sultans - the royal families - had previously been accomodated. Feriye Palaces are known for not only their fascinating view of the Bosphorus but also an unfortunate event, the imprisonment and alleged murder of Sultan Abdülaziz II, which took place in the buildings.

Since we referred to royalty, we would also state that our school is literally set on royalty. Being part of the “Feriye Palaces” complex where relatives of Ottoman Dynasty used to accomodate, presently split up between different institutions like Galatasaray University beside us, our school literally is a palace by Bosporus.


Later in the first half of the 20th century, the Dormitory and the Dining Hall were added to the buildings of Kabataş Erkek Lisesi as well as the building that contained the Conference Hall and the laboratories.

With the admission of female students at the high school in 1994 and the establishment of English preparatory classes in 1997, this very school has confirmed its prominent place in field of education of the country. Due to the quality of education it has provided and the success it has proven, Kabataş Erkek Lisesi was promoted to an Anatolian High School in 1998. In 2006, the duration of education in the high school was increased to 5 years.

Its long-standing and prestigious past would be on the lead, as much as being open to innovations in all areas and possesing a topline student profile. Established in 1908, being older than the Republic Of Turkey, Kabataş Erkek Lisesi has always been known for its alumnis and teachers being useful for the country and the planet, its traditions which are definitely well-preserved by its students and of course for its Bosporus-overlooking location which makes secondary school students dream themselves.

As it graduated that much significant people, our school has also witnessed numerous events of importance. 2008 was a year full of ceremonies and festivities as our school became centanarian. Suiting our honourary title “royal”, Queen Elizabeth II of United Kingdom paid a visit with her husband Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh during their Turkey trip and honoured us by making her speech at our schoolyard. There couldn’t be any better place to make that kind of a speech than somewhere like our school with the magnificent view of Bosporus, anyway.

Kabatas High School Educational Foundation Sabanci Cultural Complex - Istanbul

"Feriye Karakolu", which is located within the Feriye Palaces complex, built in the second half of 19th century, has been restored with the contributions of Sabanci Foundation. The building is commissioned in 1995 as Kabatas High School Educational Foundation Sabanci Cultural Complex for educational and cultural purposes.

The usage rights of the Cultural Complex is 12.311 square meters of area and it has a closed area of 6.086 square meters.

Inside the Complex, there is Cahit Kocaomer Library with 40,000 books, 3 movie theaters, each with 400-seat capacity, music rooms, each with 40-person capacity, for musical studies, special days and functions, and a kindergarten with a capacity of 55 children.

Kabatas High School Educational Foundation Sabanci Cultural Complex provides service with its 120-person Feyyaz Tokar Restaurant, ideal for special occasions, 100-person Garden Restaurant and 6 meeting rooms convenient for national and international meetings.

Due to his contributions to the construction of the Cultural Complex, a bust of late Sakip Sabanci was erected in the garden to perpetuate his memory and unveiled on April 10, 2015 which is the 11th anniversary of his death.


WEB SITE : Kabataş High School

E-Mail :
Tel : +90 212 260 4870
Fax : +90 212 227 9154

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

Sunday, April 22, 2018


Ortaköy, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'44.4"N 29°01'12.0"E / 41.045667, 29.020000


The Feriye Palace (Turkish: Feriye Sarayı) is a complex of Ottoman imperial palace buildings along the European shoreline of the Bosphorus strait in Istanbul, Turkey. Currently, the buildings host educational institutions such as a high school and a university.

The palace complex was commissioned by Sultan Abdülaziz (reigned 1861-76) in 1871, and designed by architect Sarkis Balyan. The buildings were built to meet the need of the extended family members of the imperial court for residence.

The palace, which was constructed in addition to Dolmabahçe Palace and Çırağan Palace, took the name "Feriye" meaning "secondary" or "auxiliary" in Ottoman Turkish language. It consists of three main buildings on the waterfront, a ward for concubines, a small two-story building and outbuildings on the backside.

On May 30, 1876, Sultan Abdülaziz was deposed by his ministers. He moved to Feriye Palace at his own request after a four-day stay in Topkapı Palace. Shortly after, he was found wrists cut at Feriye Palace. This was documented as a suicide at the time.

Various members of the Ottoman imperial court resided in Feriye Palace until March 3, 1924, the abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate by the parliament of the newly founded Republic of Turkey. The buildings remained vacant for a period of time following the external deportation of the last caliph Abdülmecid II together with the court members.


Galatasaray University is located at Ortaköy within the borough of Beşiktaş, a populated central district on the European side of İstanbul. The building which accommodates Galatasaray University was originally the Feriye Palace, a coastal summer palace on the Bosphorus built in 1871.

In 1871 during the reign of Sultan Abdülaziz, the building was built by Ottoman Armenian architect Sarkis Balyan. The building was used as a dormitory for the female students of the Galatasaray High School until 1992, when it was inaugurated as the Galatasaray University.

The Galatasaray Education and Training Institution was transformed into a university on June 6th, 1994, and received the name of “Galatasaray University” as a state university in accordance with its legal status.

Despite having received the university status, the institution kept the character of being an integral education and training institution, and Galatasaray High School and Galatasaray Primary School connected to it were also identified as education units affiliated to the Rectorship.

Galatasaray University offers following programs :
Faculty of Communication, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Department of Computer Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Faculty of Arts and Sciences and Law school

Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences
Department of International Relations, Department of Business Administration, Department of Economics, Department of Political Sciences

Faculty of Law

Faculty of Communication

Faculty of Engineering and Technology
Department of Computer Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering

Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Department of Philosophy, Department of Sociology, Department of Comparative Linguistics and Applied Languages, Department of Mathematics


WEB SITE : Galatasaray Üniversitesi

Phone : +90 212 227 4480
Fax : +90 212 259 2085

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.


Galatasaray, Beyoğlu - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'00.8"N 28°58'39.3"E / 41.033556, 28.977583


The name Galatasaray means Galata Palace, as the school is located near Galata, the medieval Genoese citadel at the north of the Golden Horn, in the district of Beyoğlu which includes the Galata quarter. The history of Galatasaray High School dates back to 1481. The high school was first built in Beyoğlu and called Galata Sarayı Enderun-u Hümayunu (Galata Palace Imperial School).

Galatasaray High School (Turkish: Galatasaray Lisesi, French: Lycée de Galatasaray) is one of the most influential high schools in modern Turkey. Established in 1481, it is the oldest high school in Turkey and the second-oldest Turkish educational institution after Istanbul University which was established in 1453.

Origins (1481 - 1830)
Sultan Bayezid II (1447 - 1512) founded the Galata Sarayı Enderun-u Hümayunu in 1481. Known as the "peaceful Sultan", he revived the city of Istanbul after the conquest of 1453. Sultan Bayezid II often roamed the city, disguised as an ordinary citizen. Legend has it that on one of these rambles, he found a garden near Galata filled with beautiful red and yellow roses.

In this garden, he met Gül Baba (Father Rose). The Sultan asked the wise man about how to improve the Empire and the city as they filled with a range of immigrants. Gül Baba explained that he was happy with the city, his rose garden and the reign of the Sultan, but he would be much happier if there were a school which would educate all students from this diverse range of backgrounds, as this would train the wise men needed to serve such a large Empire.

He told the Sultan he would be proud to serve as a teacher in this school in order to create a generation of valuable subjects to the Empire. Sultan Bayezid II took Gül Baba at his word and returned to the garden weeks later with the edict which established the Ottoman Imperial School, on the grounds next to the rose garden, with Gül Baba as its headmaster. Gül Baba became the first headmaster of Galatasaray and administered the school for many years. He died during the Ottoman raid to Hungary and his tomb is located near Budapest.

When the Ottoman army went to war, dervishes and minstrels accompanied it to provide religious prayers and entertainment. Dervishes and minstrels also armed themselves and joined the fighting whenever necessary. Gül Baba was one of these dervishes. Janissaries were fond of the dervishes of the Bektashi Order, since they regarded Haji Bektash as their convent's chief.

Interim period (1830 - 1868)
Galata Palace Imperial School remained open until the 1830s, when the movement of reform and reorganization abolished the Ottoman Empire's old establishment. Sultan Mahmud II (1808 - 1839) replaced the Imperial School with the Ottoman Medical School, staffed largely by French professors with most courses taught in French. The Medical School was based at the Galata Palace buildings for some thirty years.

Modern period (1868 - 1923)
Sultan Abdülaziz (1861 - 1876) was the first Ottoman sultan to travel to Europe. Invited by Napoleon III, in June-July 1867 he attended the World Exhibition in Paris. He then visited Queen Victoria in London, Wilhelm I in Prussia and Franz Joseph I in Vienna. Sultan Abdülaziz was impressed by the French educational system during his visit, and on his return to Istanbul he announced the Edict of Public Education which established a free compulsory education system for all children until they became twelve.

In September 1868, influenced by the French Lycée model, a school was established under the name "Lycée Impérial Ottoman de Galata-Sérai" (Galatasaray Mekteb-i Sultanisi). French was the main language of instruction, and many teachers were European. The students included members of all religious and ethnic communities of the Ottoman Empire.

Many students who attended the school during this 55-year period became prominent statesmen, educators, bureaucrats or writers in nation-states that were once a part of the Ottoman Empire. Some even served as the first statesmen in their newly established countries in Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia.

The influence of Galatasaray on modern Turkey has been enormous. As the need for administrators, diplomats, and other leaders with a modern education and capacity to handle Western administrative apparatus became more and more pressing, the graduates of Galatasaray filled these roles in the politics of the Ottoman Empire and then the Republic of Turkey. Lycée de Galatasaray, with its contributions to the Westernization of the "East", came to be considered the "Window to the West".

Since this period, the district where this institution stands has been known as Galatasaray. In 1905, in one of Galatasaray's classrooms (Literature 5B), the Galatasaray Sports Club was founded by Ali Sami Yen and his friends.


Establishment of the Republic of Turkey to Integrated Education System (1923 - 1992)
With the abolition of the Ottoman Empire and the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the name of the school was changed to "Galatasaray Lisesi" (Lycée de Galatasaray). Instruction was conducted in Turkish and French, and the school was composed of an Elementary School (5 years) and a Lycée (7 years) where French Language and Literature, Philosophy, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English, and German were taught selectively in the last four years.

Integrated Education System (1992 - present)
In the 1990s, Galatasaray entered another period of transformation. The signing of the Turkish-French Bilateral Agreement of 1992 led to the foundation of Galatasaray University which essentially grew out of the Lycée. With the addition of a new primary education school, the three units emerged as autonomous components of an integrated education system under the aegis of the University.

Until 1997, the high school, or Lycée de Galatasaray, was an 8-year school. After children had completed the 5-year compulsory primary school course, they then had two years of preparatory, three years of junior high, and three years of senior high school education. In the 2003-2004 academic year Galatasaray became a 5-year senior high school, with the introduction of the 8-year compulsory primary education system in Turkey, including one year prep.

Galatasaray, being a boarding school, has a diverse student body, with boys and girls coming from every part of the country. The current curriculum consists of a blend of Turkish and French curricula, plus a number of additional language courses and elective subjects. Courses on Turkish literature, geography, history, ethics, and art are taught in Turkish, while French Literature, philosophy, sociology, mathematics, and science courses use French as the language of instruction. In addition, English is taught in the primary schools from the sixth grade and up, while Italian and Latin are taught in the high school grades.

The students set up an English Club in 1997, which regularly participates in the Harvard Model United Nations Conferences and European Youth Parliament's International Sessions and other events throughout the year.

The Lycée de Galatasaray diploma is equivalent to the French Baccalaureate, and graduates of Galatasaray are admitted to universities in France without further examinations. Moreover, they have no difficulty in enrolling in the best universities in Turkey and abroad. After obtaining their University degrees, many of these students join the Civil and Diplomatic Services, which befits the Enderun and later Imperial school traditions.

Graduates of this school since 1930 have included two Prime Ministers, eight Foreign Affairs Ministers, and scores of cabinet Ministers and Undersecretaries. Apart from these, the alumni of this institution have become academicians, judges, educators, writers, doctors, architects, engineers, journalists, artists, film directors, poets, and painters, and have entered other professions.

Many Galatasaray alumni have joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They constitute an important body in the Diplomatic Corps, and the number of those who have reached the Ambassadorial rank exceeds one hundred.

Education is primarily in French and Turkish. English and Italian are also taught as second languages. There is also a slight exposure to Ottoman Turkish, Persian, and Arabic through literature and religion classes, as well as Latin and Greek through French classes.

The school years break down as follows : Elementary School (8 years) - admission through a lottery. French Prep (1 year) Lyceum (4 years) - admission through the Secondary Education Institutions Entrance Exam (OKS) French Prep (1 year) University (4 years) - admission through the National University Entrance Exam (OSS).

In 2003, an eight-year primary school system (which integrated the previous five years of elementary school and three years of junior high under a single body) was added in. With this new system, the one year prep and four year junior high education were transitioned into the primary school.


WEB SITE : Galatasaray High School

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 249 1100 / +90 212 293 97 29

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Beyazıt, Fatih - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'39.6"N 28°57'51.1"E / 41.011000, 28.964194


The most famous section of the main campus is the main entrance gate. This monumental door is not only the symbol of the Istanbul University, but also the symbol of “the concept of university” in Turkey. Entering the university also means entering this door with dreams.

Previously, there was a very different building on the current place of this main entrance gate. This initial gate that was constructed in 1827 was very similar to the huge gate of the Sublime Port (Bab-ı Ali) on its Soğukçeşme - Alay Pavillion side. While the Sublime Port (Bab-ı Ali) represented the power of the state in the Ottoman State, the Serasker Gate represented the military force.

The construction of the current gate was started in 1864. In the widening work that was started in Beyazıt Square in 1869, the new Serasker Gate and the pavilions on each side of the gate were used as the main elements of the square. This monumental gate is not only the symbol of the Istanbul University in Turkey but also the symbol of the "concept of university". Actually being a student is in the dreams to enter through this gate.

Today it is the main entrance to one of the oldest universities of the world; Istanbul University was established as a center for theological studies in Ottoman Empire period. Madrasah (School of theological and environmental sciences), was founded immediately after the conquest of Istanbul by Sultan Mehmed II, the conquerer, in 1453. The Madrasah is regarded as the precursor to the "Darülfünun". "Darülfünun" was founded as an institution of higher education on 23 July 1846 and it evolved into Istanbul University in 1923, after the Republic revolution.

The university building is the work of the French architect Bourgeois and there are controversies about the gates architect. Although some say it is the work of the same architect some believe that the plans of  Bekir Pasha, an engineer studying architecture in London were used. The gate is the witness of many student riots and political demonstrations of the Turkish political life.

The gate designed as a triumphal arch con-sists of two towers and an entrance area. It has the  arrangement of an entrance gate confined by low built towers on both sides, and a wide tripartite arch opening in the middle. The middle section of the entrance is designed for vehicles and the side sections are designed for pedestrians. The castle shaped towers are  designed  for guards. On the sections of the towers facing the square, there are two large clocks.

Nizamiye Gate, facing Beyazıt Square, gained a symbolic value with its curvilinear fringes on four sides and its curled, segmented dome. The exterior of the gate : The gate is registered  as "the District of Süleymaniye, Beyazıt Square No:1", and on top of its facade facing the Beyazıt Square, there is a marble stone displaying the letters TC. Below the oval marble stone, the phrase "Istanbul University" is written in bronze letters and the date MCDLIII is written in Roman numerals. Below the date is a tripartite design and a celî-sülüs inscription by Şefik Bey.

In the middle section of the inscription, there is "Daire-i Umur-i Askeriye", on the right is the first verse of Fetih Sura, and on the left is its third verse. This golden foiled inscription on a green background is signed by Şefik Bey. Below the verse on the left, there is the date 1282 (1865-66). The interior of the gate : On the oval medallion on the interior wall of the gate,  there is the emblem of Istanbul University featuring snakes. This emblem was designed by Ord. Prof. Dr. Süheyl Ünver.

Below the emblem is a sentence from Atatürk’s Address to Turkish Youth : "Turkish Youth! Your prime duty is to pre-serve and defend forever the Turkish independence and the Turkish  Republic. You will find the strength you need in your noble blood." - Gazi Mustafa Kemal

At the bottom there lies the inscription in 3 sections written by scribe Kazasker Mustafa İzzet Efendi with the following verses. The last line also carries the date 1282 (1865 - 66). Muttali’-i envar-ı şevket şems-i evc-i saltanat / Asuman durdukça olsun muzaffer nasr-ı aziz / Askere nüzhet kulu tebşir eder tarihini / Lütf-i şah Abdülaziz açtı der-i nasr-ı aziz. On the main  entrance gate adorned by ornamental writings and inscriptions, there are the signs of the most famous three calligraphers of the era.

The gate having traces of the neoclassically based empire style that began to be used at the beginning of the 19th century was constructed with an orientalist understanding that stands out also in other buildings at Beyazıt Square. Due to the developing relations with Europe and the personal attitude of Sultan Abdülaziz, the orientalist style was frequently used in  İstanbul in the 1860s. The resource of the orientalist style extends back t  Magrip.

Lacy network decorations on wide areas on the front, and segmented, pointed and horseshoe arches resemble the Alhambra Palace. With the modifications made in the 19th century,  Beyazıt Square became an important urban venue representing İstanbul. In the  unfinished project, the monumental gate of Istanbul University is located so as to overlook and rule Beyazıt Square.


WEB SITE : Istanbul University Main Campus

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 440 00 00

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Friday, April 20, 2018


Saraçhane, Fatih - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'58.4"N 28°57'11.4"E 41.016222, 28.953167


The Fatih Campus serves as the Rector's Office. One of the examples of original civil architecture of the time, the building was originally designed as the local government building and therefore when it was built in 1914 it was called "Şehremaneti Fatih Dairesi." The architect of Fatih Municipality Building is Y. Terziyan. The building, which is considered as an important work among the works of National Architectural Period I.


Fatih Sultan Mehmet Waqf University (FSMWU) is a newly established i 2010 higher education institute whose goal is to be at the forefront of Turkish higher education and research. Its supporting waqf, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Waqf was however, established in 1470 and has been providing such facilities for over five centuries.

The name Fatih Sultan Mehmet comes from the conqueror of Istanbul. Fatih Sultan Mehmet (Mehmet II) was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1444 to 1446 and from 1451 to 1481. At the age of 21, he conquered Constantinople in 1453 and opened a new era in history. He found many "Vakifs" ( foundations) to establish schools, hostels, other facilities and to offer social services. His own foundation along with four other historical foundations have been allocated by General Directorate of Foundations in 2009 to establish FSMV University.

FSMWU emerged from the historical waqf tradition which played an influential role in the scientific, civic, and cultural life throughout Ottoman history. Being priviledged to have its origins in the centuries old civic and academic heritage, FSMWU strives to carry on this tradition by combining traditional education with contemporary knowledge.

FSMWU is located on the historical peninsula of Istanbul’s European side. Therefore, FSMWU has a unique mission for the Turkish Higher Education system in the heart of Istanbul where daily life intertwines with culture, history, and art. Located in the cradle of civilization, FSMWU is the academic face of the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations, reflected in the diversity of languages that make up our curriculum. FSMWU hosts all members of the higher education community, from faculty members and researchers, to graduate and undergraduate students.

Faculties, Schools and Institute
FSMW University is made up of 10 principal academic units - 5 faculties, 4 institutes and 2 vocational schools.

Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Turkish Language and Literature, History, Psychology, History of Science,
Faculty of Engineering, Computer Engineering, Civil Engineering, Biomedical Engineering,
Faculty of Architecture and Design, Architecture, Interior-Architecture,
Faculty of Islamic Sciences, Islamic Sciences, Faculty of Fine Arts, Traditional Turkish Arts, Graphic Design
Faculty of Law

Real Estate Holdings
Rectorate Building, Fatih, Campus at Haliç, Campus at Kandilli, Campus at Topkapı, Campus at Küçük Çamlıca, Campus at Valide-i Atik Complex


WEB SITE : Fatih Sultan Mehmet Waqf University Rectorate

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 521 8100
Fax : +90 212 521 8484

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Maçka, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'40.7"N 28°59'41.8"E / 41.044639, 28.994944


Maçka Armory was built between 1873 and 1875 by Sarkis Balyan on the order of Sultan Abdülaziz. The building initially functioned as a gendarmerie and later in the republican period became a school for transportation, artillery, fortification and military training.

The innovative actions taken to reform the political, military, economic and social structures of the Ottoman Empire during the Westernization period, as a struggle for imperial salvage through transformation, influenced new trends in architecture in the 19th century. Thus promoting the rise of a new military architectural style, the military buildings constructed in the Ottoman capital İstanbul stood out as symbols of the new era by means of novelty in size, typology and architectural features.

After the fall of the Empire and the establishment of new government, public buildings and monuments attributed to the previous period were transformed and re-used under the influence of the Modern Movement trend, as a new attitude toward nation-building in the mid-20th century. Hence, most of the military buildings of the Westernization period in Istanbul were renovated to be used as new public buildings by way of change in function, use of space and structure.

As being one of the 19th century military buildings constructed in Istanbul, the Maçka Armory has been a significant monument symbolizing the dominance of Westernization period in the Ottoman architecture. It is an important example of Neoclassical Architecture in İstanbul. The Maçka Artillery is a three-storey building and has been handed over to the Command of Gendarmerie at the end of Ottoman period.


In 1955 the armory was assigned to the service of the Ministery of Education. Used as a technical school for a while, the building became a part of İstanbul Technical University. Today, it is used as İstanbul Technical University Maçka Campus. After being handed over to the Istanbul Technical University, an educational new function was given to the building, and it underwent an extensive renewal application involving the alteration of the original plan scheme, spatial arrangement, construction technique and material.

Furthermore, nowadays, as a consequence of transition from national tendencies to newly emerging architectural trends and pressures arising from urban development, the meaning, current function and architectural capacity of the Maçka Armory as a campus building are being questioned and reevaluated. In this respect, this paper aims to identify the motives behind the adaptive re-use of 19th century military buildings in Istanbul as public buildings of the new nation and the ongoing transformation of these monuments under the influence of current trends.

ITU School of Foreign Languages (ITU SFL) has been in service since 1983. ITU SFL is located in a historical building in Maçka, Istanbul. ITU SFL offers intensive English Language Prep Programs, undergraduate pool lessons under Advanced English Program, and elective language courses such as German, French, Italian, Spanish, Russian, and Japanese. ITU SFL has computer labs used as official TOEFL iBT Test Center, a rich library, a concert hall and a powerful body of instructors.


WEB SITE : ITU School of Foreign Languages

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 232 4727
Fax : +90 212 232 1770

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Maçka, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'37.7"N 28°59'43.9"E / 41.043806, 28.995528


A building of the Istanbul Technical University Maçka Campus, and has been built as an administration office of the Maçka Artillery (Silahhane) next to it. The whole building complex has been constructed by the two members of the famous emperial architecture family, Simon and Sarkis Balyan between 1861-1862.

The innovative actions taken to reform the political, military, economic and social structures of the Ottoman Empire during the Westernization period, as a struggle for imperial salvage through transformation, influenced new trends in architecture in the 19th century. Thus promoting the rise of a new military architectural style, the military buildings constructed in the Ottoman capital İstanbul stood out as symbols of the new era by means of novelty in size, typology and architectural features.

After the fall of the Empire and the establishment of new government, public buildings and monuments attributed to the previous period were transformed and re-used under the influence of the Modern Movement trend, as a new attitude toward nation-building in the mid-20th century. Hence, most of the military buildings of the Westernization period in Istanbul were renovated to be used as new public buildings by way of change in function, use of space and structure.

As being one of the 19th century military buildings constructed in Istanbul, the Maçka Armory has been a significant monument symbolizing the dominance of Westernization period in the Ottoman architecture. It is an important example of Neoclassical Architecture in İstanbul. The Maçka Karakolu is a two-storey building and has been handed over to the Command of Gendarmerie at the end of Ottoman period.


During the Republic era, it served, respectively, as a school of shipping, artillery, engineering and gendarmerie. In 1956, the building was given under control of the Ministry of Education, which then allocated to the Istanbul Technical University, and served as a Technical School until 1977.

Since then the building has been hosting the administration offices of the Business Administration Faculty. The complementary building blocks containing classrooms have been built at the beginning of the 1970s.


WEB SITE : İTU Business Administration Faculty

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 293 1300
Fax : +90 212 240 7260

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Tuesday, April 17, 2018


Karaköy, Beyoğlu - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'25.7"N 28°58'30.1"E / 41.023806, 28.975028


Built in 1913, by architect Vasileios Kouremenos, the building was named “Minerva”. Minerva was the Roman goddess whom Romans from the 2nd century BC onwards equated with the Greek goddess Athena. She was the virgin goddess of poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, weaving, crafts and magic. She is often depicted with her sacred creature, an owl, which symbolizes her ties to wisdom.

At the entrance of the building is a bust of a woman wearing a helmet, representing Minerva. A similar bust can be seen outside the fifth floor. There are also statuettes of Cupid (Roman god of desire, affection and erotic love), carrying bowls of fruit, outside the second floor, representing fertility (in this case financial fertility as the building was a bank). In addition to these figurines, on the 5th floor there are reliefs of a pair of snakes, nestled together, symbolizing the field of physics.

The building was built as a Greek Bank with the aim of financial support for Greeks in the Ottoman Empire during the First World War. When it was first built, the basement and the first floors were used by the Greek-owned Bank of Athens; then the building was used as an ‘insurance agency’ by different companies, as well as several banks.

Although there are no accurate records, “rumors” state that the first owner of Minerva Han was a rich Greek banker who lived in Istanbul. Karaköy was once the city’s main financial centre, full of handsome bank buildings, and this splendid Islamic eclectic–style building dating from the early 20th century is one of the many impressive buildings along Voyvoda Caddesi (Bankalar Caddesi) dating from this time.


Today, owned by Sabancı University, Minerva Han provides effective on-going communication between prospective university students and their families as well as hosting a number of the University's activities related to public relations, seminars, and conferences because of its proximity to the city's center. Kasa Galeri, located in the basement vault of the Minerva Han, provides opportunities for various art exhibitions and showcases the talents of rising young Turkish artists, as well as international ones.

The sessions will be held at SU Karaköy Bilim ve Kültür Akademisi. Located in one of Istanbul's well-known historical buildings, Minerva Han, in Karakoy, SU Karaköy Bilim ve Kültür Akademisi hosts a number of the University's activities related to public relations, seminars, and conferences because of its proximity to the city's centre.


WEB SITE : SU Karaköy Bilim ve Kültür Akademisi

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 216 483 9096
Fax : +90 216 483 9005

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Gülhane, Fatih - Istanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'38.5"N 28°58'41.2"E / 41.010694, 28.978111


The building has been originally designed by Gasparo Trajano Fossati, and built between 1841 and 1843. The building was conceived to house the Hospital of the Ministry of War (Bab-ı Seraskeri Hastanesi).

Fossati was a Swiss-Italian architect who had designed the Russian Embassy in Pera/Beyoğlu, and who later conducted the works of restoration in Hagia Sophia. The central building of the university had been established two decades later, between 1867 and 1874, to house the Ministry of War and the General Command. In the last quarter of the nineteenth century,

Following the 1908 Constitutional Revolution, and particularly during the armistice years after the First World War, the building was used as a prison for political prisoners. Later, Fossati’s building was used as the headquarters of the Imperial Guard.


When, during the Republican Era, the building complex of the Ministry of War was transferred to Istanbul University, the Fossati Building was used as part of the Faculty of Medicine. The building was transferred to the Istanbul University Faculty of Political Science in the academic year 1980-1981.

The statue that is located at the entrance hall of the faculty has been designed in the 1980s by Ahad Hüseyni, a sculptor of Iranian origin. It consists of the figure of an old, lonely man holding a globe in the end. The globe symbolizes the difficulties and catastrophes that haunt the world. The face of the figure expresses hope from one side, and hopelessness from the other side.


WEB SITE : Istanbul University Faculty of Political Science

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 440 0000
Fax : +90 212 440 0203

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Cibali, Fatih - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'26.3"N 28°57'35.0"E / 41.023972, 28.959722



Behind ancient Byzantine walls stands the oldest part of Istanbul. These ramparts distinguish and define Cibali, the neighborhood where Kadir Has University's main campus is situated. It is only a few meters away from the Haliç, the harbor inlet known to English speakers as "the Golden Horn," since Ottoman times.

Cibali takes its name from the time of the conquest of Istanbul when, according to common belief, a soldier from Bursa named Cebe Ali Bey entered the city by breaking through the rampart doors. Since that time this entryway into the city has been called Ali Bey, and the neighborhood, Cibali.

Located nearby, in the present neighborhood of Unkapanı, was the Zeugma, a port which opened into the city's economic center during the Ottoman era and which continued to be used until the 19th century. Activity around the Zeugma brought liveliness to the surrounding area, but Cibali also benefited from this hustle and bustle: Ottoman warehouses and caulkers along the Haliç shore of Cibali gave witness to the flourishing businesses in that part of the area.

In earlier times Cibali's harbor called the Puteae, or Porto del Pozzo, was lined with warehouses bursting with goods destined for the consumers of Istanbul. The passageways through the Cibali gates were instrumental in getting these goods from the port and into the city. After the conquest the Cibali area started to develop. Cibali became a favorite of sea captains and famous seafarers like Murad Reis, Mustafa Paşa and Kemal Reis all had mansions in the neighborhood.

Two factors link Cibali with Istanbul's identity : fire and tobacco. As Cibali was a trade centre and there were many caulkers using flammable materials in the construction of ships, there were, of course, many fires. If there were northeast winds, these fires, both outside and inside the Haliç walls, represented a clear danger, especially because the city at that time was composed of so many wooden houses.  During this time many of the larger conflagrations were called "Cibali fires".

The Cibali Tobacco Factory, founded in 1884, was an important institution that changed the neighborhood socially and economically. Around the turn of the century its large factory building housed both tobacco processing and cigarette production. There were several reasons for locating such a large factory in this small neighborhood. At that time tobacco customs were collected in that area and many people who supplied the factory's manpower lived nearby.

Indeed, if we look at the many photographs taken during the 1900s that document the life of the factory, the picture is quite remarkable. There were 1500 women and 662 men (a total of 2162 people) working there. The Tekel Cibali Cigarette Factory was, in fact, a small town complete with local police and civil servants, hospitals, a day care centre, grocery stores, schools, a fire department, sport facilities, trade unions, and restaurants.

On March 1, 1925, after forty years of French administration and with the establishment of the republic, the control of the factory passed to the state. For many years the factory processed, stored and sold tobacco. Then in 1995 the factory, most of which by that time had been shut down, was totally abandoned.


In 1997, the Finance Ministry handed the buildings over to Kadir Has University. Dr. Mehmet Alper was appointed architect in charge of restoration and renovation of the factory buildings into a university campus. In March 1998 the work began. Working together with university planners, the architects in charge of the restoration have taken great care to preserve the original character and architectural integrity of the buildings, while at the same time enhancing the space to suit the university's needs. 

Kadir Has University (KHU) was founded in 1997, in Istanbul. The university, with its five faculties of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Economics and Administrative Sciences, Communication, Law and Fine Arts, as well as its several vocational schools, is dedicated to becoming a leader in educational and cultural fields in Turkey, as well as establishing itself as an international center for research and scientific development.

Between 1998 and 2002, the Tekel Cibali Cigarette Factory was transformed, by the Kadir Has Foundation, from a warehouse that produced and sold tobacco into an institution of higher learning. After four years of restoration work, Kadir Has University Cibali campus officially opened its doors on February 13, 2002. Now the new KHU campus combines elegant facades, sunny atria, and large, airy interiors with quality education and research facilities.

Thus, the new campus of KHU represents a major step in fulfilling the university's mission of building a future out of the country's past, by establishing in the heart of Istanbul a hub where culture, education and scientific research meet to address the changing needs of Turkey and the world.

The interior of Kadir Has University’s Cibali campus measures over 45,000 square meters, with classrooms, labs, and the university’s central library, in addition to faculties, institutes, the rectorate and deans' offices.

Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences, Law Faculty, Faculty of Communications, Faculty of Art and Design, Faculty of Applied Sciences


WEB SITE : Kadir Has University Cibali Campus

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 533 6532
Fax : +90 212 533 6515

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Friday, April 13, 2018


Taksim, Beyoğlu - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'59.2"N 28°58'46.7"E / 41.033111, 28.979639


Zografeion Greek High School (Turkish: Özel Zoğrafyon Rum Lisesi) is one of the remaining open Greek schools in Istanbul. The school is in the Istanbul city centre in the Beyoğlu district and very close to the Taksim Square, which is considered the heart of the city.


The school was founded in the late 19th century, as the growing number of Greek students proved to be more than the Zappeion and Panayia schools could accommodate; in particular, the School of Panayia had more than 800 pupils. The community decided to build a new school, and donations were collected from a number of people. Christakis Zografos, who was living in Paris at the time, made the largest contribution, of 10,000 gold liras.

In 1890, the Greek community decided that the school be renamed after Zografos. An architectural competition was held, choosing a design by Pericles Fotiades. The school was inaugurated in 1893 and its first alumni were graduated in 1899.

The school

The school, like all minority schools in Turkey, is a secular school. The years that followed its openings, the school developed to a particularly active school and always had more than 250 pupils. Especially before the Istanbul Pogrom in 1955 and the deportations of Greeks in 1964, the number pupils were above 350.

Many famous artists, architects, politicians and theologians of the Greek diaspora have studied at the school, including Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople. Today the school has no more than 45 pupils and 20 teachers. The school (like all minority schools, as it is compulsory by law) applies the full Turkish curriculum in addition to Greek subjects: Greek language, literature and religion.


WEB SITE : Zografeion Greek High School

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 292 0302 / +90 212 244 2789 / +90 212 293 9666
Fax : +90 212 293 9517 / +90 212 293 1655

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Fener, Fatih - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'43.8"N 28°56'58.6"E / 41.028833, 28.949611


Fener Greek Orthodox College, known in Greek as the Great School of the Nation is the oldest surviving and most prestigious Greek Orthodox school in Istanbul, Turkey. The school, like all minority schools in Turkey, is a secular school. Established in 1454 by Matheos Kamariotis, it soon became the school of the prominent Greek (Phanariotes) and Bulgarian families in the Ottoman Empire, and many Ottoman ministers as well as Wallachian and Moldavian princes appointed by the Ottoman state, such as Dimitrie Cantemir, graduated from it.

This was the settlement area for many noble families, who had escaped after the conquest and later came back to İstanbul around 1470s. When the Patriarchate moved to the Church of St. George in 1602, the demographics of Fener District changed and many noble families settled here. Some of these families supported the independence of Greece; so in the 1830s Genovese and Galatians were domiciled in this region in order to change its demographic.

Fener Rum Boys High School was designed by the Ottoman Greek architect Dimadis as a monumental three storey building made red brick in 1881 by donations. The current school building is located near the Church of St. George in the neighborhood of Fener (Phanar in Greek), which is the seat of the Patriarchate. It is known among the locals with nicknames such as The Red Castle and The Red School.

Designed by the Ottoman Greek architect Konstantinos Dimadis, the building was erected between 1881 and 1883 with an eclectic mix of different styles and at a cost of 17,210 Ottoman gold pounds, a huge sum for that period. It has a different style because Dimadis used many different architectural techniques in the building. The money was given by Georgios Zariphis, a prominent Greek Ottoman banker and financier belonging to the Rum community of Istanbul. Despite its function as a school, the building is often referred to as "the 5th largest castle in Europe" because of its castle-like shape.

The large dome at the top of the building is used as an observatory for astronomy classes and has a large antique telescope inside. Today the school, which is the "second largest" school after the Zografeion Lyceum. The school (like all minority schools, as it is compulsory by law) applies the full Turkish curriculum in addition to Greek subjects: Greek language, literature and religion.


WEB SITE : Fener Greek Orthodox College

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 521 2252

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Karaköy, Beyoğlu - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'29.3"N 28°58'26.0"E / 41.024806, 28.973889


St. George's Austrian High School (Turkish: Sankt Georg Avusturya Lisesi, German: Österreichisches Sankt Georgs-Kolleg) is a private Austrian-Turkish high school located in Istanbul, Turkey. It is one of several secondary schools that were founded by European or American missions in Turkey during the 19th century, but were then secularized after the founding of the modern Turkish Republic in 1923.

Today, the school is subject to regulation by the Turkish Ministry of National Education, and almost its entire student body is Turkish, but a large part of its administrative and teaching staff remains Austrian (appointed by the Austrian Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture), and it offers a mixture of Turkish and Austrian curricula in a bilingual environment.


Sankt Georg was founded in 1882 by Austrian Lazarists and was originally intended for German-speaking Catholic children living in the Ottoman Empire. After the Ottoman (and Austrian) defeat in World War I, the school was ordered closed by the occupying Triple Entente forces in Istanbul, and all of its staff was sent back to Austria. The school was reopened shortly afterwards when the Republic of Turkey was founded (1923).

After the annexation of Austria by the Nazi Germany in 1938, the school turned into a "German school" and it was closed once again in 1944, due to the freezing of relations between Turkey and Germany. It was reopened in 1947. In 1995, the girls' and boys' schools were merged.


The school combines both the Austrian and the Turkish curricula to prepare its students for the Turkish and Austrian school leaving examinations and to enrich their general knowledge. Under the current curriculum, students at Sankt Georg can learn up to three foreign languages. German and English are the two compulsory foreign languages taught at Sankt Georg.

Aside from these two languages, students can choose either Latin or French as their third foreign language. Most subjects (including math, sciences, philosophy and arts) are taught in German by Austrian teachers, but subjects related to Turkish culture and language (such as Turkish literature, history and geography) are taught in Turkish by Turkish teachers. Students learn German in a compulsory one-year preparatory program.

Turkish high school diploma (Lise diploması)
Austrian Matura: Students wishing to pursue their tertiary education at universities in Austria, or in the European Union, have the right to sit the Austrian Reifeprüfung examination at Sankt Georg. Once students pass the examination, they obtain the Matura certificate, which is equivalent to International Baccalaureate (IB).

School library
The current school library opened in 1988, after 2 small libraries within the school building were brought together. As of 2006, it contains more than 16,000 books, 20 periodicals/magazines in Turkish, German and English, and CDs/DVDs.

Alumni of Sankt Georg gather every year in the last week of April at a re-union called "Strudeltag". Another annual re-union is organised around May in Vienna, which is intended for the graduates of Sankt Georg living/studying in Austria or in other European countries.


WEB SITE : St. George's Austrian High School

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 313 4900
Fax : +90 212 249 7964

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

Sunday, April 8, 2018


Karaköy, Beyoğlu - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'29.9"N 28°58'35.6"E / 41.024972, 28.976556


This school has a bell tower that dates back to 1427 when Benedictine monks founded the church of St. Benoit (Benedict) here and in 1583 Jesuit missionaries established a school for Greek and Jewish boys. In 1773 after the Jesuit order was abolished a Lazarist sect took over and in 1839 a girls school was added to the complex, and today these are now merged into a co-educational school. Although the chapel here contains tombs of early French ambassadors to the Ottomans, it is rarely open to the public.

Saint Benoit (French: Saint Benoît; Turkish: Saint Benoit Latin Katolik Kilisesi; also Italian: Santa Maria della Cisterna) is a Roman Catholic Church in Istanbul, Turkey, important for historical reasons. Established in 1427, the shrine is the oldest Catholic church of Istanbul. The church was never one of the Roman Catholic Parishes of the Frankish quarter of Istanbul, but is the oldest Catholic church in Istanbul still in use.

In 1427 Benedictine monks founded the Roman Catholic Church of Saint Benoit and the Monastery of Virgin Mary (Sancta Maria de Misericordia). In 1583 the Jesuits opened a school at the monastery. After the Jesuit Order was prohibited in 1783 the complex was handed over to the French Lazarists. After the French Revolution, in 1804 the monks restored the church and turned into Saint Benoit High School that still exists and is considered to be one of the most prestigious high schools in Istanbul.

After the Suppression of the Society of Jesus in 1773, in 1783 French Lazarists friars took over the complex. At the end of the eighteenth century a chapel dedicated to St. Anne was built. After  problems during the French Revolution, in 1804 the friars restored the church, and transformed the existing school into the "Lycée Saint Benoît d'Istanbul" (Turkish: Özel Saint-
Benoît Fransız Lisesi) which exists still today and is one of the most prestigious private schools in Istanbul.

In 1839, nuns belonging to the Soeurs de la Charité (Daughters of Charity) society came from France and founded the female section of the school. In 1840 the school was moved to Bebek, but after the demolition of part of the Genoese ramparts of Galata, the school moved back here. In 1865  part of the left aisle and the atrium with several inscriptions burned. This part of the church was coarsely restored in 1871. In 1867 the complex was enlarged with the erection of the "Maison de la  providence" complex, comprising, among others, an orphanage, an hospital and a seminary.

In 1839 nuns of the Sisters of Charity arrived in Istanbul from France to start teaching girls at the high school. In 1840 the school was moved to Bebek neighborhood, but soon after part of Genoese walls of Galata were demolished, the school returned to its original place. In 1867 the high school was expanded : Maison de la Providence complex was added that comprised a shelter for the poor, a hospital and a theological seminary. The teaching here is in French and Turkish. The buildings of the high school and the church belong to the French Consulate in Istanbul.

The buildings around it were purchased in 1880 with the assistance of France when it was established in today's building. Even today it has 1650 students being educated in Turkish and French culture. One of the school's most important purposes has been preparing its students for success in their professional life and teaching the young people to adhere to the republic and democracy and to be cultured.

Saint Benoît with a long history, a unique heritage, alumni who are experts in their fields. A prestigious brand ! An international dimension due to numerous educational projects that present a diversity of activities in sciences, languages, sports, art and culture. Vast appropriate and adapted spaces : 4 large yards that give students the possibility to be physically active and get fresh air.

On the other hand, Saint Benoît High School is always proud to be close to its students ! It constructs together with the families and the students a project of individualised and personal educational support.


WEB SITE : Saint- Benoit French High School

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 244 1026
Fax : +90 212 245 6895

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Harbiye, Şişli - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'40.8"N 28°59'10.3"E / 41.044667, 28.986194


French Filles de la Charite nuns, who started to coming to İstanbul in 1838 initially, opened a boarding girl school in Galata. In 1856, this school was moved to the building previously, used for priests’ seminars in Saint Esprit Church. On the 27th of November in the same year, Filles de la Charite nuns left the school to the nuns of Notre Dame De Sion. The school started to accept Muslim students at the beginning of the 20th century.

The school was kept closed between 1914 and 1918 because of World War I. In 1924, the school was came under the authority of the Ministry of National Education in accordance with the Unification of Education Law.

Lycée Notre Dame de Sion Istanbul (Turkish: Notre Dame de Sion Özel Fransız Lisesi) is a French private high school located in Harbiye, Şişli neighborhood of Istanbul, Turkey. It was founded in 1856.

The high school was established in the Ottoman Empire as a missionary school for girls only. It was later transformed into a co-educational status. Education in the four grades school (ninth grade to twelfth grade) is in French and Turkish language, and takes four years after a preparatory class of one school year.

A group of eleven French nuns travelled to Istanbul arriving on October 7, 1856. They took over the administration of Maison du Saint-Esprit, a boarding school in Pangaltı neighborhood, which was named after the 1846-built Cathedral of the Holy Spirit next to it, and was run by the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul (French: Filles de la Charité), a society of apostolic life for women within the Catholic Church.

The official opening of the French boarding school under the name Lycée Notre Dame de Sion took place on November 27 the same year. It became the first ever girls' school in Turkey. Inıtially a boarding school for Christian girls, it shortly after attracted Jewish pupils. From 1863 on, Muslim girls attended the school following the interest of the notable families in the Empire and the approval of the Ottoman sultan.

The school closed down during World War I when the French nuns left the country as a result of the belligerent countries of France and the Ottoman Empire in the war.The building was used as an engineering school, and later served as a hospital run by nuns.


In 1919, the school reopened. With the foundation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, the school was subordinated to the Ministry of National Education, and Turkish administrators and teachers joined the school staff. It began also to serve as a day school.

The primary school section was abondaned in 1971, and the boarding school in 1972. From 1989 on, the head of the school administration was handed over to a secular rector while the nuns remain serving in the school as well. After years long tradition of girls only school, it went co-educational accepting boys with the 1996-97 school year.

NDS is a school where mutual interaction of Turkish and French cultures is achieved with a contemporary approach. With its academic program, qualified faculty and staff and emphasis on learning a second foreign language, NDS is a school that gives education in French, Turkish and English. Our graduates can communicate effectively, both in spoken and written forms, in all of these languages.

NDS constantly seeks excellence in education in a time of rapid change in modern Turkey. Our goal is always to improve ourselves and do the very best for the students. Today in order to meet the demands of the 21st century, NDS aims to graduate well-educated, creative and innovative young women and men


WEB SITE : Notre Dame De Sion French Girls School

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 219 1697
Fax : +90 212 231 8684

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Beyoğlu, İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'47.5"N 28°58'43.4"E / 41.029861, 28.978722


During the time of the Ottoman Empire, the Genoese, the Venetians and the Sicilians obtained the permission of the Sultan to carry out trade on the coasts of the Golden Horn, and especially in the Galata district of Istanbul. The Italian community members who settled in this district primarily spoke a dialect of Genoese. Rich families hired private tutors for the education of their children, whereas, the education of the poor was carried out by Catholic priests.

In 1861, with the initiative of Italian diplomats, an Italian school, which operated in the evenings, was founded for the community in Istanbul, but some courses such as the Italian language, arithmetic and geometry were taught at Santa Maria Draperis Church. "Societa’ Operaia", a charity association for labourers which was founded in the same year, saw the insufficiency of the school that had been opened, and appealed to the Italian Government, asking them to turn their attention toward schools outside of Italy, and in 1888 “the Royal Elementary and Secondary School” was opened in Beyoglu on Polonya (Poland) Street.

“The Italian Trade School” which was opened in 1885 at number 16, Beyoglu Hayriye Street was affiliated with the "Royal Elementary and Secondary School". In 1900, a four-year high school section was added to this three-year trade school. Students who graduated from this school had the right to enter the Italian Royal Trade College and Napoli Institute of Eastern Sciences.

In the scholastic year of 1910-1911, a four-year high school section including instruction in Latin was added to the Royal Elementary and Secondary School. During these years, Turkish students began to enroll in the school. Education at the Italian School was interrupted during the Turco-Italian War, or War of Trablusgarp. In the academic year of 1913-1914, education was resumed, but on April 30, 1915, the school was closed again because of World War I.

After the war, in 1919, the Italian secondary school, and the high school moved to the present building on Tom Tom Kaptan Street; the facility was given to Italy by the Austrians as compensation for damages during the war.

In 1920, the trade school and the high school on Polonya Street were transferred into the same building, and thus began an education effort in two fields: one secondary and high school where Latin was taught, and one secondary plus trade school. In order to give the same educational opportunity to students who did not speak Italian, a preparatory class, in which students learned the Italian language, started the same year. The school continued with some changes, and the trade school was gradually phased out - eventually closing in 1966.


The Italian High School, which began originally with a preparatory class, a three-year middle school section and a four-year high school section, now continues with a preparatory class before high school and two education tracks - the Italian-Scientific track, and the Turkish-Mathematics track. Positioning the language preparation year before the beginning of High School is to comply with the changes created by the Law of Elementary Education.

With successful completion of a four-year high school education, all of our students have the opportunity to continue their education in Italy at any university they choose. Moreover, Italian students studying at our school have the occasion to participate in the “Maturita”, or Italian State exam, which certifies a successful completion of the high school program.

Turkish students also have the right to take this exam if they wish, and after passing the exam, are considered by The Turkish government to have obtained the equivalent of a minimum of 185 points on the ÖSS (Turkish University Entrance Exam), an academic recognition which can also be obtained by students taking the German Abitur, French Baccalaureate, GCE A-Level Certificate, or the International Baccalaureate.

The Italian High School, through its faculty, students and their parents, has witnessed many important developments, from the birth of the Turkish Republic, to the formation of the modern Turkey which we know today.

During this time, covering many years, including many historically significant events, and spanning many generations, The Italian High School has always been appreciated in the community as a distinguished educational institution. I.M.I. is known to provide a well-rounded foundation to its students with regard to both their education, and in their private and professional lives - thus helping them to become young people who are supremely valued in our society.

We are privileged, as a high school, to take advantage of the professional experiences of both Turkish and Italian teachers, and the wisdom of the governing body which guides our educational efforts, and through these we help to produce professionals of the highest standard.

The school was originally constructed out of stone, with the building techniques of its time. It consists of five 600 m2 floors, including 20 classrooms, 4 small course rooms, administrative offices, a gym on the ground floor, a computer laboratory, a conference hall and theatre stage, an art room, a library and an archive on the fourth floor.


WEB SITE : Italian High School

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 2441301 / +90 212 252 4584
Fax : +90 212 245 4887

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2018, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.