Wednesday, March 22, 2017

BAHARİYE MEVLEVİ TEKKESİ

Bahariye, Eyüp - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°03'21.3"N 28°56'22.5"E / 41.055917, 28.939583

Bahariye Mevlevi Tekkesi / Eyup - Istanbul photo bahariye_lodge125.jpg

PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

The Beşiktaş Mevlevi Lodge (the Beşiktaş Mevlevihanesi) is the third Mevlevi lodge established in Istanbul. Another peculiarity of this lodge is that it is the last Mevlevi lodge to be allocated by government officials. Other Mevlevi lodges established in Istanbul were allocated by Mevlevi Dedes (Kasımpaşa, Üsküdar and Bahariye).

The Beşiktaş Mevlevi lodge was the third establishment after Galata and Yenikapı Mevlevi houses and established in 1613 by the Ottoman Grand Vizier Ohrili Hüseyin Pasha for Ağazade Mehmed Dede in Beşiktaş, Istanbul. The Beşiktaş Mevlevihane was a building that suffered a number of misfortunes; first of all it was demolished to make way for the Çırağan Palace and rebuilt next to the graveyard in Maçka.

The founder of this Mevlevi lodge was one of the leading government officials of XVII, Ohrili Hüseyin Pasha. (Died in May 1622). The Mevlevi lodge had functioned until 1284/1867 in Besiktaş, in that year it was deconstructed by Sultan Abdulaziz in order to build Çırağan Palace in its stead; firstly it was moved to Karacehennem Ibrahim Pasha Mansion in Fındıklı and then moved to its own place in Maçka after it was completed in 1288/1871.

It was again demolished to make way for the new barracks being built on the orders of Sultan Abdülaziz, and rebuilt yet again on a site beside the Golden Horn in the Bahariye neighbourhood, which is on the road leading from Eyüp to Alibeyköy, thus gaining a new lease of life. This moving took place in 1873. Bahariye Mevlevihane was left unattended and neglected just like the other places after the closing down of lodges and was destroyed in the course of time.

But when this lodge was demolished in 1291/1874 for construction of military barracks, it was moved to Hatap Emin Mustafa and Huseyin Efendi Mansions in Eyüp, and after its construction was completed in 1294/1877, it was moved to new building in Eyüp Bahariyesi and it functioned as Bahariye Mevlevi lodge until 1925.

The first sheikh of Beşiktas Mevlevî lodge was Ağazade Mehmed Hakiki Dede who was the sheikh of Gelibolu Mevlevi lodge at the same time. (1063/1652). While Kaptan-ı Derya (literally the Captain of all seas) Ohrili Huseyin Pasha was returning from his Mediterranean Sea expedition, he took hand from Ağazade Mehmed Dede and got the good news that he would soon be given the seal of the Grand Vizier.

In March 1030/1621 Grand Vizier Huseyin Pasha constructed the Beşiktaş Mevlevi lodge and asked Mehmed Dede to be the first postnishin (sheikh) here, Mehmed Dede accepted it and the his mission as a sheikh started in the Gelibolu and Beşiktaş Mevlevi lodges and continued until Hüseyin Pasha’s murder in the same year. After Ağazade Mehmed Dede, chronologically, Sheikh Süleyman Dede (died in. 1065/1654), Hasan Dede (died in. 1071/1660), Nâcî Ahmed Dede (died in.1122/1710), Çengî Yusuf Dede (died in.1080/1669), Eyyûbî Mehmed Memiş Dede (died in. 1136/1723) Memiş Dede’s son Ahmed Dede (died in. 1177/1763) Memiş Dede’s son Mehmed Sâdık Dede (died in. 1178/1764), Abdülahad Dede (died in. 1180/1766), and Trabluslu Ahmed Dede (died in. 1185/1771) served in the Besiktas Mevlevi lodge.

Hüseyin Fahreddin Dede, the last Sheikh of the Beşiktaş/Bahâriye Mevlevî lodge, was a composer, ney player, poet and was well known with his poetry and music love around mystic and art circles. Hüseyin Fahreddin Dede was a distinguished gentle character of his era, his proficiency with his performances of ney and his compositions were thought to be matchless.

Hüseyin Fahreddin Dede’s musical success made Bahariye Mevlevi lodge one of the best musical centers of Istanbul through the end of XIX century and they performed music with Celaleddin Dede, the sheikh of the Yenikapı Mevlevî Lodge, Ataullah Dede, the sheikh of the Galata Lodge and all the famous musician masters of that period such as Hafız Şevki Bey, Medenî Azîz Efendi, Tanbûrî Kemal Bey, Yeniköylü Hasan Efendi, Bolahenk Nuri Bey, Dr. Suphi Ezgi and Rauf Yekta. With those who are accepted as the most important composers and musicians of the 20th century; Udî Mehmed Sabri Efendi (died in 1914), Mehmed Raûf Yektâ Bey (ö. 1935), Ahmed Avnî Konuk (died. 1938), Şeyh Rıza Efendi, Kazım Uz, Şeyh Osman Dede, they performed music.

They brought up Zekâizâde Ahmed Nureddin, Râşid Efendi (an officer in Telgraf Nezareti, like PTT today), Doktor Subhî Bey and Arif Bey, Münir Kökden, Sabri Efendi, Nurullah Kılıç and Cemal Dede.(Neyzen-in-chief) The characteristic of the Beşiktaş/Bahariye Mevlevi lodge in the last century was that there were many Mevlevis here who were in a manner of Bektaşi. The Mevlevî lodge was left alone in 1925, it became ruined as the times passed, and in 1986 all the remains of the lodge vanished in the scope of the Golden Horn project.

The Bahariye Mevlevihane, which consisted of a number of timber buildings resembling mansions, added a further dimension of beauty to this part of the Golden Horn. However, after the closure of the dervish convents these buildings were either destroyed by fire or demolished and nothing survives to indicate where it once stood. Today only the mescid section of the lodge is intact. The restoration of Bahariye Lodge that started in 2007 was completed in 2011. It is used for civil purposes of culture and art.

Bahariye Mevlevihanesi, last dervish lodge of Istanbul, raised many artists up. Zekai Dede Efendi, his son Ahmet Irsoy, Rauf Yekta, Suphi Ezgi are couple of important musicians who grown up in here. Abdülbaki Gökpınarlı who is known as the last important figure of Sufi literature, was also grown up in the same dervish lodge.

Bahariye Mevlevihanesi (lodge used by Mevlevi dervishes) was in a very bad situation, but Eyüp Municipality restorated there paying large sum of money and turned it into a very nice cultural centre by Eyüp Belediyesi Kültür ve Sosyal İşler Müdürlüğü.

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