Sunday, July 30, 2017


Topkapı, Zeytinburnu - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°01'04.7"N 28°55'12.2"E / 41.017978, 28.920068

Panaroma 1453 History Museum photo panaroma_museum107.jpg


Panoramic 1453 Museum creates a three dimensional depiction of the conquest of Istanbul by the Ottoman Empire on 29th May 1453. It was created with the help of eight artists and a budget of over 1 million Euros and offers a full panorama- in vertical as well as horizontal order- of this important historical battle. The domed roof is also painted to create the illusion of a sky. Visitors are asked to stand at a distance of at least 14 metres in order to optimize the 3D effect.

Traditional Ottoman military music from Janissary bands is played as well as the sound of cannon and gunfire to enhance the visual experience. The museum also houses imitation cannons and powder barrels along with a model version of the picture at the entrance. There is further information about the conquest of Istanbul along the corridor leading to the Museum. You could be a soldier in Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, an independent observer or a foreign traveler and witness again the conquest of Istanbul and the exact moment when the city was entered.

The panoramic painting was the result of eight artists working together for three years. The first year was spent in carrying out research. The artists put great effort into making the picture as realistic and accurate as possible. The work in constructing the scale model (1/10) was an important stage, and helped to determine any flaws in the design. After this, everything was taken back to the beginning and a detailed study was begun.

The artists debated which details were to be focused on. Some of the team argued that a large part of the details were to be seen from a distance of 14 meters; in the end the artists decided to give more room to details that could be seen at this distance. Thus, each time a visitor comes to the museum they can focus on different details. In addition, advanced cameras and technology will help in the perception of the details.

The museum of the conquest, which opens a door onto Istanbul’s history, is located across from the spot on the Topkapı-Edirnekapı ramparts where the siege occurred and is run by Kültür A.Ş. After the official opening, this cultural location attracted a great deal of attention from the public and has hosted state leaders. This is Topkapı, the place where the fiercest battle of the Constantinople siege took place, where the unscalable walls were overcome, where the day that the blessed soldiers had awaited occurred.

This is the door that opened onto the conquest of Constantinople. Here you will witness the conquest of Constantinople once again and experience the moment when the soldiers entered the city, almost exactly as it happened. You will witness the explosion of the cannonballs, cast by the Hungarian cannon expert Urban, and see them flung at the walls of Constantinople. The battle cry of Fatih Sultan Mehmed II’s soldiers and the sound of the marches played by the Janissary band will accompany you.

This area, which fourteen years ago was a bus terminal, is today the location of Topkapı Cultural Park. On the left you can see the Edirnekapı Walls. Straight ahead, you can see the Topkapı Walls, the point where the Ottoman soldiers entered Constantinople. Here you can witness an important moment in history, the fall of Constantinople; it was this event that gave Sultan Mehmet II his title of Fatih (the Conqueror).

During the next few minutes, you will be informed about the scene that is surrounding you on all sides. The painting surrounding us measures 38 meters in diameter and covers an area of 2,350 square meters. In the area that remains between the audience and the panoramic picture, you can see the three-dimensional human figures and machines which cover a total area of 3,000 square meters.

Work on this picture started in 2005 and was completed in 2008. Eight different talented artists have contributed to the painting. 10,000 live models were employed in the project. The sections of the walls that were destroyed and the extent of these areas has been determined according to the report concerned with the repairs of the walls that was presented to Hizir Bey, the first mayor of Istanbul.

When a painting is framed it is limited; no matter how great the impression of three-dimensions may be, one can still see the edges of the picture, thus making it clear how far the picture is removed from where you. However, as there is nothing in the “İstanbul 1453 Panoramic Museum” that one could call the “limit” or “frame” of the picture, anyone looking on the painting will be able to perceive the work in its true dimensions.

The moment the observer steps onto the platform they will experience a shock that lasts for 10 seconds. This situation is a result of your confusion at not being able to find reference points for dimension, like a start or a finish to the painting, thus increasing the impression of the picture’s reality. Here people, even though they are entering a closed location, feel as if they are entering a three-dimensional exterior space

Fatih, who was able to conquer the hearts with the free and just administration he introduced, also wanted to turn the magnificent city he had conquered into a center of learning and arts. The museum of the conquest, which wants to make a contribution to this heritage, strives to ensure that every moment of the time you spend here is stimulating. For those who do not have time to read the “Istanbul Wall Panels”, the main idea of the wall panels have been summed up in brief sentences. In addition, the automatic audio commentary in the museum will give relevant information.

While going towards the section in which the panoramic drawing is located, that is, the heart of the Panorama 1453 Museum, you walk down the Corridors of Conquest. These corridors consist of two floors and on the walls you can see the “Istanbul Wall Panels”, accompanying you as you proceed to the panoramic drawing.

Wall panels and dramatic documentaries have been prepared to inform and enlighten visitors on their way to the Panoramic drawing. Starting with the history of Constantinople and ending with the death of Fatih Sultan Mehmet II, the wall panels discuss different aspects of Constantinople / Istanbul, the Conquest, and Sultan Mehmet II.

In this exhibition, place has been given to photographs of original miniatures, engravings, plans, sketches, drawings and original objects; the intention is that, as far as possible, events be brought to life with contemporary descriptions, perceptions and interpretations, as well as with art work from the period. The texts have taken into account the wide range of visitors, and have been prepared to provide not only the most basic information, but also give an academic analysis in a popular style.


WEB SITE : Panaroma 1453 History Museum

E-Mail :
Phone : +90 212 415 1453
Fax : +90 212 664 1964

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