Tuesday, May 23, 2017

YAVUZ SULTAN SELİM BRIDGE

Bosphorus, İstanbul - Turkey

Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge / Istanbul photo yssbridge_istanbul201.jpg

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The Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge (Turkish: Yavuz Sultan Selim Köprüsü), initially named the Third Bosphorus Bridge, is a project to construct a bridge for rail and motor vehicle transit over the Bosphorus, north of two existing bridges in Istanbul, Turkey.

The bridge will be situated between Garipçe in Sarıyer on the European side and Poyrazköy in Beykoz on the Asian side. The foundation stone laying ceremony was held on 29 May 2013.

The bridge is part of the projected 260 km (160 mi) long Northern Marmara Motorway (Turkish: Kuzey Marmara Otoyolu), which will bypass urban areas of Istanbul in the north connecting Kınalı, Silivri in the west and Paşaköy, Hendek in the east. The 58.4 m (192 ft) wide bridge will be 2,164 m (7,100 ft) in length with a main span of 1,408 m (4,619 ft). The main span of the bridge will be eighth-longest among suspension bridges in the world.

Designed by French engineer Michel Virlogeux and by Jean-François Klein from T-ingénierie (a Geneva-based company), the bridge will be a combined road-rail bridge. It will carry four motorway lanes and one railway line in each direction. The construction is being carried out by a consortium of the Turkish company İçtaş and the Italian company Astaldi that won the bid on 30 May 2012.

The budgeted cost of the bridge's construction is Turkish lira 4.5 billion (approximately US$2.5 billion as of March 2013). The construction was originally expected to be completed in 36 months with the opening date scheduled for the end of 2015. On 29 May 2013, Prime Minister Erdoğan directed the construction management team to finish the construction within 24 months, and projected an opening date for May 29, 2015.

When completed, the Third Bosphorus Bridge will be the longest combined motorway/railway bridge in the world and the world's eighth-longest suspension bridge. The bridge toll is set to be US$3.00 (approximately Turkish lira 6.70 as of February 2014) between the motorway exits Odayeri and Paşaköy. It is expected that at least 135,000 vehicles will use the bridge daily in each direction.

Minister of Transport and Communication stated that of the total area to be nationalised for the bridge project, 9.57% is currently private property, 75.24% is forested land, and the remaining 15.19% is already state-owned land.

The name of the bridge was announced by President Abdullah Gül at the ground-breaking ceremony as the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, in honor of Ottoman Sultan Selim I (c. 1470–1520), who expanded the Ottoman Empire into the Middle East and North Africa in 1514-1517 and obtained the title of Caliph of Islam for the Ottoman dynasty after his conquest of Egypt in 1517.

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