Saturday, December 24, 2016

GÖZLÜCE AQUEDUCT

Cebeci, Sultangazi - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°07'19.6"N 28°53'55.4"E / 41.122111, 28.898722

Gozluce Aqueduct / Cebeci - Sultangazi photo gozluce_aqueduct105.jpg

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Gözlüce or the Güzelce Aqueduct is located on the Cebeci stream and is 5 km away from Başhavuz. The aqueduct was built of cut stone and there are eight arches on the first layer and eleven arches at second layer. These piece of art, also known as Cebeciköy Aqueduct, was contructed by Mimar Sinan during Kanuni Sultan Suleyman’s period, and lies 1500 m in east of the village of Cebeci, south of Kemerburgaz.

This is the Güzelce (also called Gözlüce or Cebeciköy) Aqueduct, one of the most significant aqueducts in the Kırkçeşme Water Works System.  The structure now remains in the Alibeyköy Dam Lake. There are two different routes that take us to the aqueduct, one leading to its east, the other to its west side.

The aqueduct built by Sinan which are perhaps the most significant ones among structures that deal with water systems. The aqueduct’s walls are 5.4 m thick at the bottom and 2.6 m thick at the highest point, at 29.5 m in height. The aqueduct is at 155 m length. Also known as the Cebeciköy Aqueduct, it resides within the Alibeyköy regional water collection basin.

Located far, in such a natural environment, in addition to its architectural quality, it has ensured preservation as well as its original design and construction characteristics; today, the Aqueduct still displays its 16th century monumentality. Parts of the lower section has recently been restored using cement-mix mortar.

This is one of the 33 aqueducts that take place within Kırkçeşme Water Supply System. The goal was to bring water from Belgrad Forest and Kemerburgaz to Eğrikapı cellar, over Eyüp. Güzelce Aqueduct, also known as Gözlüce Aqueduct was constructed by Architect Sinan during the period of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent, located 1500m east of Cebeci Village, near Kemerburgaz.

Incidental to the increase of population, Sultan Süleyman wanted to bring water from the north of the city, which is known as Belgrad Forests area, to fulfill the needs for water in the city. This aqueduct is also known as Cebeci Aqueduct, as it is located over the Cebeciköy River. As a result of inundation in 1563, Güzelce Aqueduct has been completely seperated from its foundation but did not collapse.

That is why the construction of the structure lasted 9 years. Güzelce Aqueduct, with its water supply system is an important example, indicating the great organization achievement; as it was built within a 9 years of period, which is considered to be a short time for that era in which many monuments were being erected.

The 16th century aqueduct of Sinan has been completely seperated from its foundation but did not collapse, as a result of an inundation in 1563, Güzelce Aqueduct. That is why the construction of the structure lasted 9 years.

Today, there is only a thin water flow, passing under the aqueduct. Structure is almost totally visible. The structure can be mentioned as a well preserved one, among Sinan's works of architecture. However, the lower levels of the aqueduct is lately repaired by concrete mortar.

Exit to TEM from the Kemerburgaz-Hasdal road, then take the Alibeyköy exit and drive towards Gazi Neighborhood.  Within a short while, you will drive through uneven dirt roads to two more 16th century aqueducts built by Sinan which are perhaps the most significant ones among structures that deal with water systems.

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