Wednesday, September 20, 2017

NATIONAL PALACE COLLECTIONS MUSEUM / DECORATIVE WORKS OF ART

Dolmabahçe, Beşiktaş - İstanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°02'28.5"N 29°00'14.5"E / 41.041249, 29.004029



PHOTOGRAPHS ALBUM

Decorative works of art constitute an important part of the National Palaces Collection These works of art that decorate various places of the palaces and the pavilions, can be gathered in three sections as Turkish, European and Far Eastern. In 19th century where the relations with the West were growing stronger, to buy luxury consumer goods exclusively from Europe for the palace and  the pavilions had become the vogue of the period.

The Sultans and the ladies of the Palaces bought lots of decorative works of art from local and foreign tradesmen residing in Galata and Beyoğlu and used them in the decoration of the palaces, the pavilions and the summer palaces. Another part of the decorative works of art found in the collection are sent by the empire members of the other countries. Besides, in Europe in many factories, decorative works of art are produced for the Ottoman market.

When studying the National Palaces Collection, we notice that a large part of the decorative works of art is of European origin. The larger section of these works of art made of porcelain, glass, metal material is formed by the porcelain vases. In general, many of these vases produced by the use of an extraordinary technique and great care where on a colored base golden gilding are made of French Sevres and Limoges porcelain.

Another part of the decorative art pieces of the palace collections are formed by the Far east vases of various sizes produces in Japan and China. Many of these works of art are formed by blue-white vases and they are complementary elements of the places constructed in an eclectic style.

During the reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II. (1876-1909), in the beginning of the 1890s with the construction of Yıldız Faience Imperial Factory, the period of Turkish porcelain started in the palaces, pavilions and summer palaces. Decorative art pieces constitute the larger part of the porcelains realized with an elegant taste. These works of art, with their original forms and decoration are unique pieces.

Each of the decorative works of art made of Yıldız porcelain occupying a special place in the National Palaces Porcelain Collection, with a documentary characteristic, proves to be important as in the following of our porcelain history.

Selections From The Collection

Vase 1
Bearing empiric influences, with a cylinder form widening to the upper part, on the one side of the lockets found on both sides of the lidded vase, German Emperor Wilhelm II. on the other side Postdam Palace are depicted in a naturalist style. On both sides of the frame of the vase, there exist eagle figures as the empire symbol and look like a relief handle. The laurel branches in relief issuing from the pedestal of the eagles as garlands envelop the frame of the vase.

On the lower part of the frame between garland, on  one of the lockets found in the middle and encircled with a set of pearl, R.W. letters with golden gilding   (It’s the monogram of the Emperor Wilhelm II.) and on the other one the Empire crown are depicted. The angel figures on both sides of the lid encircle the top depicted as the empire crown. The handle part has a cross form. On the whole surface, the golden gilding is used quite deeply. It is produced in Berlin Empire Factory (KPM). It is made with glazing surface, in relief with a mold, fixturing techniques.

Vase 2
With a large frame, the cylinder vase grows narrow to the upper part. The Bosporus scene existing on the blue base frame, though realist carries picturesque influences. On the backside and the entrance of the vase, you can see the Ottoman motifs. in the middle of the neck, the Ottoman state armorial bearings of the later period are designed. On this part in Arabic it is inscribed the Ottoman Empire’s emperor Abdülhamid Han, who reigned with the help of the German. The vase with the star and crescent seal is made with the glazing surface technique.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



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